• Fort Matanzas

    Fort Matanzas

    National Monument Florida

There are park alerts in effect.
show Alerts »
  • Unmanned aircraft prohibited

    Unmanned aircraft are prohibited from being operated within park bounderies. More »

Plants

Pink saltmarsh mallow growing in profusion in a hydric depression on Anastasia Island

Saltmarsh mallow growing in a low, wet area on Anastasia Island

NPS Photo

Plant life is abundant at Fort Matanzas. This is primarily because the park receives an average of 49 inches of rain per year, and maintains an average annual temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Hard freezes are uncommon, which means the growing season extends throughout most of the year. Additionally, the park is located on portions of two barrier islands. Barrier islands, when left undeveloped, are comprised of several different plant communities spanning a relatively constricted geographical range. At Fort Matanzas these communities are represented by primary and secondary sand dunes, coastal scrub, maritime hammock, and estuarine salt marsh. This ecological diversity, and the plant-friendly sub-tropical climate, account for why over 250 individual plant species have been identified so far at Fort Matanzas, a park totaling only 300 acres in size.

Did You Know?

Some of the 150-year-old live oak trees in the Fort Matanzas picnic area.

Did you know that the live oak trees in the picnic area at Fort Matanzas are over 150 years old? The park also has an eastern red cedar located on the island near the fort that is over 260 years old, as old as the fort itself! Ft Matanzas National Monument, Florida