1867 and 1868 were Fort Larned's most consequential years. In the spring of 1867, General Hancock blundered into war with the Cheyenne, a season of fighting known as Hancock's War. That conflict ended with the pivotal Medicine Lodge Treaty in October, 1867, which Fort Larned supplied. The following year, the gifts promised by the treaty were distributed at Fort Larned.
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Entertainment for Fort Larned's soldiers included checkers and cards in the barracks, bowling and billiards at the sutler's store, foot races, and "base-ball."