Some aspects of slave life were not controlled by the plantation owner. Within their community, slaves created a culture that included elements of their African heritage. Slaves expressed themselves in music, dance, and religious practices that were their own and did not reflect the customs of their owners. Frequently these expressions were hidden, as is lyrics with double meanings and secret religious services.
Many aspects of American culture are directly linked to the plantation period. From southern cooking to popular music, African culture survived slavery and is present today.
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