Lesson Plan

Timucua Village Sketch

hut exhibit at Fort Caroline
The hut exhibit at Fort Caroline gives visitors a chance to imagine how the Timucuan lived.
NPS Photo

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Grade Level:
Third Grade-Fifth Grade
American Indian History and Culture, Anthropology, Archaeology, Colonial History, Geography, History
30 Minutes
Group Size:
Up to 36
National/State Standards:
SS.A.1.2.2, SS.A.6.2.4, SS.A.6.2.5, SS.A.6.2.6, VA.C.1.2.2
Timucuan Indians


Art and history combine in this lesson on recording the lives of the Florida natives.


Students will use their memory and other available resources to draw a picture of an Indian village. Students should include the essential parts of the village.


This lesson plan is intended as a post-visit activity.  When your class toured the visitor center at Fort Caroline, you saw images that were based on the work of a French artist named Jacques le Moyne, as well as murals done by a modern artist. Le Moyne had accompanied the French expedition to Florida and acted as "photographer", recording images of Florida and its inhabitants so that Europeans could catch a glimpse of these "exotic" places for the very first time.


 Included are two very different interpretations of a Timucuan village. 


Have the students use memories from their field trip and any other resources available to them to draw an illustration of what they believe a Timucua village would have looked like. Remind them to include the parts of the village that would have been essential to the Indian's daily life such as: homes, cooking areas, garden areas, etc. Ask the students to discuss "how we know" about the Timucua Indians and their villages - where does our knowledge about them come from?


In the materials section above are two sketches of a Timucua village.The idea for the first drawing is based on an image created by Jacques le Moyne, the artist that accompanied the French expedition. The image below is an artist's interpretation of a Timucua village based on a combination of historic description and archaeological evidence. These modern adaptations of the historic landscape are included to help the leader remember images from the field trip.  Essential parts of the student's sketch could include: meeting place (communal building), family homes, storage buildings for food,etc., cooking area, gardens, sporting areas, and aspects of the land around them - the Bluff, river, marsh, etc.

Park Connections

Compare the sketches to the recreated hut exhibit your students visited at Fort Caroline.  Ask students to compare and contrast the images with the exhibit. 


Timucuan, primary source, secondary source