• Ruins of Fort Bowie

    Fort Bowie

    National Historic Site Arizona

There are park alerts in effect.
show Alerts »
  • Visitor Center Summer Hours in Effect Beginning May 1, 2014

    The visitor center will be open on Saturdays and Sundays from 8 am to 4 pm from May 1 – October 12, 2014. The ruins areas, hiking trails, and administrative access road are all open for the summer during park hours, sunrise to sunset. More »


In December 1960, Fort Bowie received National Historic Landmark status. The statement of significance for the supporting documentation states, "Commanding the eastern entrance of Apache Pass, Fort Bowie (1862) was a focal point in Army operations against the Chiricahua Apache [from 1862 to 1886]. A much-traveled mountain crossing of strategic value due to the presence of spring water, the pass served Apache peoples, as well as Spanish, Mexican, and American settlers in the Southwest."

Congress authorized the establishment of Fort Bowie National Historic Site, "…for preservations of the site and remaining historic structures of old Fort Bowie…"

Additionally, the site was established to commemorate the Chiricahua Apache, U.S. Military presence, and the Butterfield Overland Mail Route.
The entire site was placed on the National Register of Historic Places and Apache Pass in its entirety is a National Historic Landmark.

Did You Know?


Heliographs are instruments which use a mirror and sunlight to transmit Morse Code. General Nelson Miles realized that southern Arizona’s mountainous terrain and huge amounts of sunlight would make the heliograph useful in his campaigns from Fort Bowie against Geronimo in 1886.