• Ruins of Fort Bowie

    Fort Bowie

    National Historic Site Arizona

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  • Visitor Center Summer Hours in Effect Beginning May 1, 2014

    The visitor center will be open on Saturdays and Sundays from 8 am to 4 pm from May 1 – October 12, 2014. The ruins areas, hiking trails, and administrative access road are all open for the summer during park hours, sunrise to sunset. More »

Animals

Hooded skunk captured by a remote camera

Hooded skunk photo catured by a remote camera.

NPS Photo

Although it’s only 1000 acres in size, Fort Bowie National Historic Site encompasses a variety of habitat types, resulting in a surprising collection of animal species.

Fort Bowie is situated between two mountain ranges – the Chiricahua Mountains and the Dos Cabezas Mountains – separated by Apache Pass. This area is located in an area of transition between the Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts, and the Sierra Madre and Rocky mountains. Several drainages bisect the area, making it a natural thoroughfare for wildlife traveling between the mountain ranges, such as mountain lion, white-tailed deer and black bear. Other animals reside in the variable habitats within the park boundary - grasslands, desert scrub, and riparian, oak and juniper woodlands. These include Mexican species at the northernmost edge of their range, like the coatimundi, as well as many of the more common mammals, such as skunks, gray fox, and ringtail.

Migrating birds pass through the area on their way to and from wintering grounds in Mexico, Central and South America, but a surprising number are also "residents" at Fort Bowie at various times of the year. Almost 150 species of birds have been documented at Fort Bowie, making it a good spot for birding at any time of the year.
 
 

Did You Know?

Heliograph

Heliographs are instruments which use a mirror and sunlight to transmit Morse Code. General Nelson Miles realized that southern Arizona’s mountainous terrain and huge amounts of sunlight would make the heliograph useful in his campaigns from Fort Bowie against Geronimo in 1886.