• Miles of uncrowded white sandy beaches extend to the horizon, separating the clear blue ocean and undulating grass-covered dunes.

    Fire Island

    National Seashore New York

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  • New Backcountry Camping procedures

    Reservations for required permits must be obtained through Recreation.gov. Due to the breach at Old Inlet, access to both east and west wilderness camping zones must now be from Davis Park or access points west, and involve a 2½ to 10 mile hike. More »

Coasts / Shorelines

Lobes of sand overwashed during Hurricane Sandy supply sediment to the island's interior and bay side.

Wind, waves, tides, and currents are constantly moving sediment to, from, and along Fire Island's shoreline.

A recent New York Sea Grant publication by J. Tansk provides valuable information on the complex natural processes that maintain the barrier island's equilibrium: Long Island's Dynamic South Shore: A Primer on the Forces and Trends Shaping Our Coast.

Views of National Parks: Coastal Geology web page image.

Learn More
You can find more information about the natural processes that shape barrier islands at the links below.

Global climate change is one of the critical natural resource issues that concerns the National Park Service. At Fire Island National Seashore, the major repercussion of changing temperatures lies in sea-level rise. The National Park Service and the United States Geological Survey are currently developing Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI) maps for coastal parks to identify coastal areas sensitive to sea-level rise.


A series of Science Synthesis Papers was published in 2005 to support the preparation of a General Management Plan for Fire Island National Seashore.


Did You Know?

People on ferry look over Watch Hill Marina.

At least 2.2 million people spend time within the boundaries of Fire Island National Seashore every year. Almost 800,000 people annually visit park facilities. July and August are the busiest months. Sunny weekends are the busiest days. More...