Eisenhower Presidential Chronology

   1952

Nov. 4

Eisenhower defeats Adlai Stevenson in presidential election. First Republican president in 20 years.

   1953

Jan. 20

Eisenhower and Nixon inaugurated.

Apr. 11

Department of Health, Education and Welfare established.

July 26

U.S. and North Korea sign armistice to end Korean War.

Aug. 19-22

Leftist government of Premier Mossadegh in Iran ousted with help from CIA.

Oct. 5

California Governor Earl Warren, Eisenhower's Supreme Court appointee, takes oath as Chief Justice.

Dec. 8

Eisenhower delivers his "Atoms for Peace" speech at United Nations proposing a world wide development of atomic energy.

   1954

Apr. 7

Fearing spread of Communism in Southeast Asia, Eisenhower introduces the Domino Theory.

Apr. 22-June 17

Army-McCarthy Senate hearings in the U.S. Senate are televised. Americans dislike Joe McCarthy's methods and his power wanes.

May 13

Saint Lawrence Seaway Act signed between United States and Canada.

May 17

The Supreme Court rules that segregated schools are illegal in Brown v. The Board of Education of Topeka.

June 29

CIA sponsored coup overthrows elected government in Guatemala.

   1955

Jan. 28

Congress gives president the power to use U.S. forces to defend Formosa Straits from Communist attacks.

Sept. 24

Eisenhower suffers first heart attack.

   1956

June 29

Eisenhower signs Federal Highway Bill authorizing construction of interstate highway system.

Oct.-Nov.

Suez Crisis. Egyptian leader Nasser nationalizes the Suez Canal. Israel, Great Britain and France invade Egypt. Eisenhower opposes the invasion and brokers a cease-fire.

Oct.-Nov.

Soviet forces crush the Hungarian Revolt.

Nov. 6

Eisenhower and Nixon defeat Stevenson and Kefauver by nine million votes in presidential election.

   1957

Mar. 9

Eisenhower Doctrine established to resist Communist aggression in the Middle East.

Sept. 9

Eisenhower and Lyndon Johnson push through Congress the Civil Rights Act of 1957, the first civil rights legislation in 82 years.

Sept. 24

Eisenhower sends troops to Little Rock, Arkansas to enforce school desegregation.

Oct. 4

Soviet Union launches Sputnik, the world's first satellite.

   1958

July 15

Eisenhower sends U.S. Marines into Lebanon at request of Lebanese government.

July 29

Eisenhower signs bill establishing NASA.

Nov.

Soviet Premier Khrushchev threatens war unless western powers withdraw troops from West Berlin.

   1959

Jan. 3

Eisenhower signs bill admitting Alaska as the 49th state.

Aug. 21

Eisenhower signs bill admitting Hawaii as the 50th state.

Sept.15-27

Soviet Premier Khrushchev visits the U.S. and meets with Eisenhower at Camp David.

Dec.

Eisenhower travels on a goodwill mission to 19 nations in the Mediterranean, the Middle East, and Asia.

   1960

Jan. 18

Eisenhower balances the federal budget for the third time in eight years.

May 1

U-2 spy plane shot down over Soviet Union. Pilot Francis Gary Powers is captured. U.S. - Soviet relations deteriorate.

May 16

Khrushchev walks out of Paris summit.

Nov. 8

John F. Kennedy defeats Vice President Richard Nixon in the presidential election.

  1961

Jan. 3

Eisenhower breaks off diplomatic relations with Cuba.

Jan. 17

In his Farewell Address to the nation, Eisenhower warns of the Military-Industrial Complex.

Jan. 20

John Kennedy inaugurated 35th president. Eisenhower retires to his Gettysburg farm.

 

EISENHOWER MILITARY CHRONOLOGY

 


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