World Heritage Report 2013
In recognition of its outstanding universal values,Everglades National Park was inscribed on the World Heritage List of the IUCN, during the 3rd session of the World Heritage Committee. Several natural resources criteria were emphasized in the inscription, including the unique geological processes of the limestone substrate, the juxtaposition of temperate and subtropical species and habitats, the complexity and integrity of biological processes in the park, the large number of bird and reptile species, and the unique threatened that reside in the ecosystem, including the Florida panther, Everglades snail kite, American alligator and American crocodile, and the West Indian manatee.
This report is developed in response to annual reporting requirements of the World Heritage Committee. For this reason, two important dates are highlighted in a number of analyses: 1979 when ENP was designated a World Heritage Site, and 1993 when the park was placed on the list of World Heritage Sites in Danger. This report is intended to consolidate information—on the progress of Everglades Restoration projects, and on the status of ENP indicators of site integrity—which may be utilized in decision-making regarding the status of ENP as a World Heritage site. In addition, the content of this report is intended to be broadly applicable, and can assist park managers in the future to gauge the overall response of the ENP ecosystem to factors such as water operations changes, climatic variability, and implementation of large-scale Everglades restoration projects.
Did You Know?
Many of the orchids found within the Everglades are "epiphytic," growing on host trees that are used for support. This adaptation allows a variety of plants to grow in an otherwise harsh environment.