Why Protect Everglades National Park?
Everglades is but one of hundreds of national park units throughout the United States. The purpose of the National Park Service is to conserve the natural and historical objects inside parks, leaving them unimpaired for the enjoyment of present and future generations. Everglades National Park was authorized by Congress in 1934 to preserve the subtropical ecosystem and everything that lives within it. At the time, people were fascinated with the large number of wading birds that nested in the Everglades every year. In fact, the establishment of the park marked the first time federal land was set aside for its abundance of diverse plant and animal species rather than for its scenic views.
Although Everglades National Park represents only the southernmost fifth of the historic Everglades, it remains one of the largest parks (1.5 million acres) in the country. An impressive collection of nationally, and internationally, significant resources is protected within its boundaries, including the largest stand of sawgrass prairie in North America, the largest protected mangrove forest in the northern hemisphere, the vast estuary of Florida Bay, and cultural resources chronicling approximately 10,000 years of human experience. Everglades National Park is the only subtropical wilderness area in North America where, by federal law, people must make no impact on the land and ecosystem. Still, the influence of man is increasingly being felt on every acre of the Everglades in the form of human-caused climate change.
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Did You Know?
Limestone is the porous, sedimentary rock you see in the Everglades. These rocks are made of calcium and contain fossils of sea life, evidence of ancient seas that once covered the area. The limestone aquifer under the Everglades acts as the principal water recharge area for all of south Florida.