• Two-wheeled carretas carried goods up El Camino from Mexico City in 1598; walking the trail in the Jornada del Muerto, a scorching 90-mile stretch of El Camino wherein colonists had to leave the cool Rio Grande to continue their journey north

    El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro

    National Historic Trail NM,TX

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Did You Know?

Traces of a dirt road, El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, stretch across a southern New Mexico desert landscape

Throughout the 17th century, Santa Fe was the only incorporated Spanish town north of Chihuahua. Soon after its establishment in 1610, Santa Fe became the terminus for trade caravans from Mexico City, which traveled on El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro for 1,500 miles.