Architecture QA Checklist


All required deliverables submitted.
Consistent with DSC Architectural Design Standards.
Architectural Design Program documentation aligns with PMIS and Budget is incorporated.
Contextual Design demonstrated:
  • Appropriate contextual design (site/building character) established early the Predesign stage of a project.
  • 2006 - NPS Management Policies for Architecture:
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    Visitor and administration facilities that are necessary, appropriate, and consistent with the conservation of park resources and values.
  • Facilities:
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    Harmonious with park resources:
  • Structures associated as NPS facilities usually do not compete with or detract from the landscape but fit harmoniously into the landscape.
  • Iconic design proposals with exaggerated, dramatic or overly-expansive interior volumes, unless environmentally beneficial for comfort or for functional use, are not the normal desirable design solutions for NPS facilities.
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    Compatible with natural processes.
  • ___
    Aesthetically pleasing.
  • ___
  • ___
    Energy and water efficient.
  • ___
  • ___
    Universally designed.
  • ___
    As welcoming as possible to all segments of the population.
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    Park facilities and operations - all sizes - demonstrate environmental leadership by incorporating sustainable practices to the maximum extent practicable.
  • Integrating Architecture and Aesthetics: Appropriate design solutions that are sensitive to -
  • Scale/proportion, mass, line, shape, colors, texture, shade/shadow, light/dark, appropriate space (area/volume), symmetry/asymmetry, balance, pattern/rhythm, contrast, theme/variation, coherence, unity, fenestrations, use of materials, complex/simple design, mood/emotional enhancement, metaphor/symbolic.
  • Logical and appropriate arrival sequence for a quality visitor experience.
  • Harmony between technology and nature desirable.
  • Timeless building solution that is appropriate for the park.
  • Design is compatible and meets park's established design guidelines, architectural theme and/or existing structures.
  • Building in problems with regard to maintenance, energy costs and weather issues have been prevented.
Project Program, specifically the Architectural Program addresses the following:
  • Dark Sky Preservation.
  • Natural Soundscape Preservation and Noise Management (Director's Order #47).
    • Potential exterior noise generation from building mechanical equipment such as HVAC/chillers, compressors, and/or exhaust fans.
    • Appropriate location for bus parking areas with idling buses.
    • Appropriate location for exterior group gathering/staging areas.
    • For indoor noise quality with HVAC equipment, sound/vibration control per ASHREA Handbook.
    • Acoustical performance for classrooms and other critical learning spaces to meet ANSI Standard S 12.60.
  • Integrated Pest Management:
    • Prevention of Hanta Virus addressed.
    • Bird roosting/nesting issues addressed.
    • Bat nesting issues addressed.
    • IPM for insect pests specifically for museum repositories.
  • Bird Friendly Design for structures with large glass areas.
Verify that all innovative sustainable concepts, as practical as possible for the project, have been explored and included in the NPS Project Sustainability Checklist and Project Program.
Space Planning Issues:
  • Functions for the proposed facility are appropriate.
  • Square footages for the proposed functions are appropriate taking into account space needed for circulation, required equipment and accessibility.
  • Functional diagrams illustrate logical and efficient adjacencies for the proposed facility.

Schematic Design

All required deliverables submitted.
Consistent with DSC Architectural Design Standards.
Graphic code analysis with notes as determined by egress requirements.
Coordination between SD building floor plans, elevations, and sections.
Basis of Design Report include, as applicable, the following:
  • Dark Sky Preservation addressed.
  • Natural Soundscape Preservation and Noise Management addressed.
  • Integrated Pest Management incorporated into design.
    • Prevention of Hanta Virus.
    • Bird roosting/nesting issues.
  • Bird Friendly Design addressed.
Confirm that Integrated Design Process continues through Schematic Design.
Site Development Issues:
  • Correct building orientation for maximum sustainability.
  • Integration of site and building.
  • Views (Screen unsightly views, take advantage of views, preserve views).
  • Managing groups is addressed.
  • Limit wayfinding signage on site.
Building Design Issues:
  • Design solution that is climate responsive.
  • Consider visitation surges and impacts on facility (restroom areas).
  • Excessive interior volumes created. Are functions dictating ceiling heights?
  • Opportunities for maximum daylighting explored.
  • Logical and convenient locations for automatic door opener push plates for users.
  • Security level for facility considered (Threat/Risk Assessment).
  • Visitor circulation pattern logical and efficient.
  • All innovative SD design concepts have been explored to create a quality visitor experience.
  • Logical and efficient functional adjacencies have continued through SD.
Roof Design Issues:
  • Appropriate roofing material considered taking into account climate, storm events, maintenance, and repairs/replacement.
  • Appropriate roof slopes.
  • Roof tie-off system needed for safety of the maintenance staff.
  • Controlled roof run-off (gutter/downspout system, rain garden areas, harvesting for irrigation or non-potable reuse).
  • Complex roof design creates flashing issues.
  • Roof penetrations locations considered for visual impacts.
Sustainability Issues:
  • Sustainability continues to be explored through SD - "Pushing the envelope of sustainability".
  • Trash recyclable center and receptacles are provided and identified on drawings.
Exhibit Issues:
  • Verify that exhibit designers are part of the design team early in the project.
  • Verify exhibit plan has been integrated into the SD design concept early to create a quality visitor experience.
  • Large scale exhibits are addressed (installation, lighting, potential glare on glass areas, materials, maintenance, etc.).

Design Development (DBB or DB)

All required deliverables submitted.
Consistent with DSC Architectural Design Standards.
Post-DAB recommendations are incorporated.
Design Development Drawings:
  • Compliance Drawings clearly indicate proposed impacts of recommended treatments.
  • NPS cover sheet is used, clearly indicating park boundaries, limits of proposed work, and any historic district boundaries.
  • Drawings comply with Director's Order and Reference Manual 10A, DSC CAD Users Guide, and NPS/DSC Cad Drafting Standards.
  • Organization of discipline drawings such as civil, landscape architectural, architectural, followed by structural, then HVAC, plumbing, fire protection, and electrical complies with Director's Order and Reference Manual 10A.
  • Adaptive-Use floor plans clearly distinguish old from new.
  • Sheet with Fire Safety Plan and code analysis notation (AIA format).
  • Site property lines and existing conditions match with surveyor civil drawings.
  • Building location meets all setback requirements, zoning codes, and deed restrictions.
  • Elevation points match with site, civil, landscape, architectural and structural drawings.
  • Demolition instructions are clear on what to remove and what to remain, and are coordinated with design documents.
  • Architectural space requirements are commensurate with ductwork, conduit, piping, light fixtures, elevators, and other equipment.
  • All plans, elevations and details are accessibility (ABAAS) compliant where required.
  • Orientation of all site, floor, and ceiling plans is consistent.
  • Large-scale plans and sections match small scale plans and sections.
  • Locations of columns, bearing walls, grid lines and overall building dimensions match structural.
  • Equipment room or areas are commensurate with mechanical, electrical, and plumbing.
  • Modern structural, mechanical, and electrical components are hidden behind historic surfaces to the greatest extent possible.
  • Locations of expansion joints on floors and elevations match the structural drawings.
  • Exterior and interior lighting concept follows International Dark Sky Association Guidelines.
  • Interior lighting concept appropriate for the tasks.
  • Proposed lighting fixtures appropriate for the proposed architectural theme.
Outline Specifications (Divisions 2 through 14) clearly reflect overview of treatment and quality that is presented in the drawings.
Products documented in the Product File are appropriate for the project and climate conditions.

100% Draft Construction Documents (DBB) or 100% Draft Design-Build Construction Documents (DB)

All required deliverables submitted.
Consistent with DSC Architectural Design Standards.
Construction Drawings:
  • Documents coordinated prior to submittal.
  • Cross-referencing on drawings is correct.
  • Building elevations match floor plans and have the same scale.
  • Building sections match elevations, plans, and structural drawings.
  • Building plan match lines are consistent on architectural, structural, mechanical, plumbing, and electrical drawings.
  • Structural member locations are commensurate architecturally.
  • Chases match on structural, mechanical, plumbing, and electrical drawings.
  • Section and detail call-outs are proper and accurately cross-referenced. Location of details and call-outs on detail sheets, such as left to right, and top to bottom, is consistent.
  • Reflected architectural ceiling plans match with structural, mechanical, plumbing, fire protection, and electrical plans.
  • Columns, beams, and slabs are shown and noted on elevations and sections.
  • Door schedule information matches plans, elevations, fire rating, and specifications
  • Cabinets and millwork will fit in available space.
  • Cabinets and millwork are accessible for both visitors and staff.
  • Through-the-wall flashing and weep holes are provided where moisture may penetrate the outer material.
  • Appropriate flashing materials and gauges are selected.
  • Walls, ceilings, fire and smoke dampers are fire rated as required.
  • Miscellaneous metals are detailed, noted, and coordinated with the Specifications.
  • The limits, types, and details of insulation are coordinated with design documents.
  • Thermal breaks included at fenestration; manufactured components and custom installations.
  • Thermal barriers included at rim joists, and at exposed foundations (between ground line and insulated exterior wall systems).
  • Perimeter insulation is continuous along foundation extending to sub-grade.
  • The limits, types, and details of roofing are coordinated with design documents.
  • All window walls, expansion joints, and weeps are provided as required.
  • Dew point locations in walls, roofs, and terraces have been determined, and vapor retarders have been provided where required.
  • Paint and material colors are in the finish schedule on the drawings or in the specifications where appropriate.
  • Appropriate glazing materials such as tempered, laminated, etc., are indicated in drawings and specifications where required.
  • Paint samples are taken from un-weathered locations, and used to match modern paints to historic colors.
  • Drain-back piping of fire sprinkler systems is coordinated with architectural spaces, structural members, mechanical drainage piping and ductwork, and electrical fixtures and equipment.
  • As part of NPS sustainable "Green Parks" and plastic bottle reduction program, verify that a water bottle filling station is integrated into drinking fountain units.
  • Excessive mounting heights for light fixtures that create issues for re-lamping for maintenance staff requiring special equipment such as lifts.
  • Verify that exterior and interior lighting concept still appropriate for the tasks.
  • Verify that dark sky guidelines are applied to exterior and interior lighting concept.
  • Verify that proposed lighting fixtures selected are appropriate for the architectural theme.
  • Verify efficient use of space.
  • Verify elimination or mitigation of confined space hazards and situations.
  • Identify any space that by design or construction that has limited openings for entry and exit or the potential of unfavorable ventilation that could concentrate dangerous air contaminants.
  • Specifications follow NPS format and include contract price or bid schedule.
  • Appropriate treatment and "quality" of materials is represented in the Specifications.
  • References to "owner" instead of "Government."
  • References to "Architect" or "Engineer" instead of "Contracting Officer."
  • Specified products in accordance with the Buy American Act.
  • Coordinated Division 1 specifications with the park.
  • Use of pure hydraulic lime mortar for structural applications, such as concrete block walls-it does not have adequate strength.
  • Applying paint to weathered wood without a wood stabilizer-it does not adhere.
  • Applying exterior Alkyd paint primers and top coats-they promote the growth of mildew.
Sustainable Issues:
  • Gutter with screens, downspouts, filter devices, prewash downspouts, collection piping and cisterns are provided for rain water harvesting systems.
  • Tern-coated stainless steel roofing used for roofing material when using rain water harvesting systems due to less surface corrosion and metal content in the runoff water.
  • Control roof runoff to prevent exterior wall damage and icing conditions at paving areas.
Accessibility Issues:
  • Final locations of automatic door opener push plates are logical and convenient for accessibility users.

100% Complete Construction Documents (DBB) or 100% Complete Design-Build Construction Documents (DB)

All required deliverables submitted.
All review comments from 100% Draft Review satisfactorily resolved.

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