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Safety/Fire Protection Standards

Review Design Standards General Statements before utilizing this web page.


Requirements
Laws
Regulations
Building Codes & Industry Standards
National Park Service (NPS) Requirements
Professional Guidance
General Design Guidance


Requirements

Laws


Regulations

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)


Building Codes & Industry Standards

  • IBC 2012, Including Appendices
  • IEBC 2012, Including Appendices
  • ANSI/ASSE Z117.1, Safety Requirements for Confined Spaces
  • NFPA National Fire Codes (NFC) including Annexes has been adopted.
  • NFPA 1, Fire Code, 2012
  • NFPA 10, Portable Fire Extinguishers, 2013
  • NFPA 11, Low-, Medium-, and High Expansion Foam, 2010
  • NFPA 12, Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems, 2011
  • NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems, 2013
  • NFPA 13D, Sprinkler Systems in One- and Two- Family Dwellings and Manufactured Homes, 2013
  • NFPA 13R, Sprinkler Systems in Residential Occupancies up to and Including Four Stories in Height, 2013
  • NFPA 14, Standpipe and Hose Systems, 2013
  • NFPA 15, Water Spray Fixed Systems, 2012
  • NFPA 16, Deluge Foam-Water Sprinkler and Foam-Water Spray Systems, 2011
  • NFPA 17, Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems, 2013
  • NFPA 17A, Wet Chemical Extinguishing Systems, 2013
  • NFPA 20, Installation of Stationary Pumps, 2013
  • NFPA 22, Water Tanks for Private Fire Protection, 2013
  • NFPA 24, Private Fire Service Mains, 2013
  • NFPA 25, Water-Based Fire Protection Systems, 2011
  • NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, 2012
  • NFPA 30A, Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities, 2012
  • NFPA 31, Installation of Oil-Burning Equipment, 2011
  • NFPA 33, Spray Application Using Flammable or Combustible Materials, 2011
  • NFPA 34, Dipping and Coating Processes using Flammable or Combustible Liquids, 2011
  • NFPA 37, Stationary Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines, 2010
  • NFPA 40, Storage and Handling of Cellulose Nitrate Film, 2011
  • NFPA 45, Fire Protection for Laboratories Using Chemicals, 2011
  • NFPA 51, Design and Installation of Oxygen Fuel Gas Systems for Welding, 2013
  • NFPA 51B, Welding, Cutting, Other Hot Work, 2009
  • NFPA 52, Vehicular Fuel Systems, 2013
  • NFPA 54, National Fuel Gas Code, 2012
  • NFPA 55, Compressed Gases and Cryogenic Fluids Code, 2013
  • NFPA 56PS Fire and Explosion Prevention During Purging of Fla. Gas Systems, 2012
  • NFPA 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code, 2011
  • NFPA 59A, Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), 2013
  • NFPA 61, Fire and Dust Explosions in Agricultural and Food Processing Facilities, 2013
  • NFPA 68, Explosion Protection by Deflagration Venting, 2007
  • NFPA 69, Explosion Prevention Systems, 2008
  • NFPA 70, National Electrical Code, 2014
  • NFPA 70E, Electrical Safety in the Workplace, 2012
  • NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, 2013
  • NFPA 75, Protection of Information Technology Equipment, 2013
  • NFPA 76, Telecommunications Facilities, 2012
  • NFPA 77, Static Electricity, 2007
  • NFPA 79, Electrical Standard for Industrial Machinery, 2012
  • NFPA 80, Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives, 2013
  • NFPA 80A, Exterior Fire Exposures, 2012
  • NFPA 82, Incinerators, Waste and Linen Handling Systems and Equipment, 2009
  • NFPA 85, Boiler and Combustion Systems Hazards, 2011
  • NFPA 86, Ovens and Furnaces, 2011
  • NFPA 87, Fluid Heaters, 2011
  • NFPA 88A, Parking Structures, 2011
  • NFPA 90A, Installation of Air-Conditioning and Ventilating Systems, 2012
  • NFPA 90B, Installation of Warm Air Heating and Air-Conditioning Systems, 2012
  • NFPA 91, Exhaust Systems for Air Conveying of Gases, 2010
  • NFPA 92, Smoke Control Systems, 2012
  • NFPA 92A, Smoke Control Systems utilizing Barriers and Pressure Differences, 2012
  • NFPA 92B, Smoke Management Systems in Malls, Atria, and Large Spaces, 2012
  • NFPA 96, Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations, 2011
  • NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, 2012
  • NFPA 101A, Alternative Approaches to Life Safety, 2013
  • NFPA 102, Grandstands, Folding and Telescopic Seating, Tents, and Membrane Structures, 2011
  • NFPA 105, Smoke Door Assemblies and Other Opening Protectives, 2013
  • NFPA 110, Emergency and Standby Power Systems, 2013
  • NFPA 111, Stored Electrical Energy Emergency and Standby Power Systems, 2013
  • NFPA 130, Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems, 2010
  • NFPA 150, Fire and Life Safety in Animal Housing Facilities, 2013
  • NFPA 160, Use of Flame Effects Before an Audience, 2011
  • NFPA 170, Fire Safety and Emergency Symbols, 2012
  • NFPA 204, Smoke and Heat Venting, 2012
  • NFPA 211, Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents, and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances, 2013
  • NFPA 214, Water-Cooling Towers, 2011
  • NFPA 220, Types of Building Construction, 2012
  • NFPA 221, High Challenge Fire Walls, 2012
  • NFPA 225, Model Manufactured Home Installation Standard, 2013
  • NFPA 232, Protection of Records, 2012
  • NFPA 241, Safeguarding Construction, Alteration, and Demolition Operations, 2013
  • NFPA 251, Fire Resistance of Building Construction and Materials, 2006
  • NFPA 252, Fire Tests of Door Assemblies, 2012
  • NFPA 253, Test for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source, 2011
  • NFPA 255, Test of Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials, 2011
  • NFPA 257, Fire Tests for Window and Glass Block Assemblies, 2012
  • NFPA 259, Test Method for Potential Heat of Building Materials, 2013
  • NFPA 262, Method of Flame Travel and Smoke of Wires and Cables for Use in Air-Handling Spaces, 2011
  • NFPA 265, Evaluating Room Fire Growth Contribution of Textile Coverings on Full Height Panels and Walls, 2011
  • NFPA 274, Pipe Insulation Test to Fire Performance Characteristics, 2013
  • NFPA 275, Evaluation of Thermal Barriers Used Over Foam Plastic Insulation, 2013
  • NFPA 285, Evaluation of Flame Propagation Characteristics of Exterior Non-Load-Bearing Wall Assemblies, 2012
  • NFPA 286, Wall and Ceiling Interior Finish, 2011
  • NFPA 288, Fire Tests of Floor Fire Door Assemblies, 2012
  • NFPA 289, Fire Test of Individual Fuel Packages, 2013
  • NFPA 290, Passive Protection Materials for Use on LP-Gas Containers, 2013
  • NFPA 291, Fire Flow Testing and Marking of Hydrants, 2013
  • NFPA 301, Safety to Life from Fire on Merchant Vessels, 2013
  • NFPA 302, Pleasure and Commercial Motor Craft, 2010
  • NFPA 303, Marinas and Boatyards, 2011
  • NFPA 306, Control of Gas Hazards on Vessels, 2009
  • NFPA 307, Marine Terminals, Piers, and Wharves, 2011
  • NFPA 312, Fire Protection of Vessels During Construction, Conversion, Repair, 2011
  • NFPA 400, Hazardous Materials Code, 2013
  • NFPA 403, Aircraft Rescue and Fire-Fighting Services at Airports, 2009
  • NFPA 407, Aircraft Fuel Servicing, 2012
  • NFPA 409, Aircraft Hangars, 2011
  • NFPA 415, Airport Terminal Buildings, Fueling Ramp Drainage, and Loading Walkways, 2013
  • NFPA 418, Heliports, 2011
  • NFPA 484, Combustible Metals, 2012
  • NFPA 495, Explosive Materials Code, 2013
  • NFPA 496, Purged and Pressurized Enclosures for Electrical Equipment, 2013
  • NFPA 497, Classification of Flammable Liquids, Gases or Vapors and of Hazardous (Classified) Locations for Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas, 2012
  • NFPA 499, Classification of Combustible Dusts and of Hazardous (Classified) Locations for Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas, 2013
  • NFPA 501, Manufactured Housing, 2013
  • NFPA 501A, Fire Safety Criteria for Manufactured Home Installations, Sites, and Communities, 2013
  • NFPA 502, Road Tunnels, Bridges, and Other Limited Access Highways, 2011
  • NFPA 520, Subterranean Spaces, 2010
  • NFPA 555, Evaluating Potential for Room Flashover, 2012
  • NFPA 557, Fire Loads for Use in Structural Fire Protection Design, 2012
  • NFPA 560, Storage, Handling, and Use of Ethylene Oxide for Sterilization and Fumigation, 2007
  • NFPA 654, Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids, 2013
  • NFPA 664, Fires and Explosions in Wood Processing and Woodworking Facilities, 2012
  • NFPA 701, Methods of Fire Tests for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films, 2010
  • NFPA 703, Fire Retardant-Treated Wood and Fire-Retardant Coatings for Building Materials, 2012
  • NFPA 704, Identification of the Hazards of Materials for Emergency Response, 2012
  • NFPA 705, Field Flame Test for Textiles and Films, 2013
  • NFPA 720, Carbon Monoxide Detection and Warning Equipment, 2012
  • NFPA 730, Premises Security, 2011
  • NFPA 731, Electronic Premises Security Systems, 2011
  • NFPA 750, Water Mist Fire Protection Systems, 2010
  • NFPA 780, Lightning Protection Systems, 2011
  • NFPA 820, Fire Protection in Wastewater Treatment and Collection Facilities, 2012
  • NFPA 853, Stationary Fuel Cell Power Systems, 2010
  • NFPA 909, Protection of Cultural Resource Properties, 2013
  • NFPA 914, Fire Protection in Historic Structures, 2010
  • NFPA 1141, Fire Protection Infrastructure for Land Development in Suburban and Rural Areas, 2012
  • NFPA 1142, Water Supplies for Suburban and Rural Fire Fighting, 2012
  • NFPA 1144, Reducing Structure Ignition Hazards from Wildland Fire, 2013
  • NFPA 1194, Recreational Vehicle Parks and Campgrounds, 2011
  • NFPA 1221, Emergency Services Communications Systems, 2013
  • NFPA 1402, Fire Service Training Centers, 2012
  • NFPA 2001, Clean Agent Fire-Extinguishing Systems, 2012
  • NFPA 2010, Fixed Aerosol Fire Extinguishing Systems, 2010

National Park Service (NPS) Requirements

Management Policies

Management Policies 2006 - The Guide to Managing the National Park System

Director's Orders (DOs)

Handbooks, Reference Manuals (RMs), and other Professional Materials

Denver Service Center (DSC) Requirements

General

  • A Code Analysis is required and shall be based on NFPA 1 (Fire Code), NFPA 101 (Life Safety Code), and the I codes. Other applicable NFPA Codes and Standards shall be identified in the Analysis. The Code Analysis shall include, but not be limited to, the following elements:
    • General Description of the Project
    • General Fire Resistive Construction Aspects
    • Occupancy Classifications
    • Fire Resistive Separations
    • Doors and Windows
    • Interior Wall, Ceiling and Floor Finishes
    • Decorative Structures within Buildings
    • Egress
    • Special Design
    • Emergency Signage
    • Suppression Systems
    • Fire Department Access
    • Fire Detection and Alarm System
    • Emergency Communication Systems
    • Smoke Management Description
    • Central Control Station
    • Emergency and Standby Power
    • Elevators

Fire Systems

  • A double check backflow preventer is required on sprinkler systems.
  • Sprinkler control valves shall be electrically supervised.
  • Sprinkler piping shall be Copper, Schedule 40 steel, or plastic.
  • Dry Pipe and PreAction Systems require hot-dip galvanized pipe/fittings. Joints shall be threaded or cut groove (no roll groove); all pendent heads shall be dry pendants; all piping shall be sloped to drain to the main riser; low point drains shall be minimized and shall be configured as drum drips.

Safety

  • The facility shall be compliant with OSHA requirements.
  • Hazards shall be mitigated using engineered solutions.
  • Confined Spaces shall be eliminated wherever possible.

Professional Guidance

General Design Guidance

  • Code Equivalencies are encouraged. They need to be prepared by the AE for approval by the DSC Building Official and/or Regional Fire Marshal (AHJ).
  • Fire modeling is encouraged to allow equivalent fire and life safety systems, especially in historical structures.
  • Systems should strive to minimize required (NFPA 25) Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance.
  • Gravity water supply systems are preferred. Next are combined fire and domestic systems using commercial pumps and least preferred are dedicated fire pumps.