About Dryosaurus altus:
Dryosaurus means “oak lizard” in reference to the leaf shaped teeth. It is a plant eating dinosaur with a beak and teeth in the back of its mouth. It had five fingers on each hand. To escape predators Dryosaurus depended on its strong legs to quickly run away.
Why is Dryosaurus altus a superstar?
Both adult and juvenile Dryosaurus skeletons and skulls have been found in the Carnegie Quarry. The adult skull is the most complete best preserved in the world. Dinosaur skulls are mostly hollow and made of thin bone that often breaks. Fine sediments compress the skull during burial to flatten it the way you might step on an empty tin can. These skulls may be preserved, but some of the 3-D structure is lost. The sand-sized sediments in the Carnegie Quarry allow preserved the Dryosaurus in great detail without being crushed. The mounted skeleton at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History is the most complete found in Western Hemisphere and the only mounted Dryosaurus altus in the world.
The juvenile skull found is the most complete juvenile Dryosaurus skull ever found. Juvenile dinosaurs in general are rare finds. Since the bones are smaller and more fragile than those of the adults, they are easily broken or washed away in rivers before they are fossilized. Although most of the body was found, only the skull is on display.
Jurassic Fact: At 7.9 ft (2.4 m) Dryosaurus is the smallest adult dinosaur in the Carnegie Quarry.
For more information: Visit the Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania where an adult and juvenile Dryosaurus altus from Dinosaur National Monument are on display.
Did You Know?
Do you know the difference between a petroglyph (pictured here) and a pictograph? Petroglyphs are images pecked into rock while pictographs are painted images. Dinosaur National Monument preserves both forms of Native American rock art.