• pond surrounded by green brush, reflecting a distant range of snow-covered mountains that are dominated by one massive mountain


    National Park & Preserve Alaska

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  • Road Open To: Mile 3 (Park Headquarters)

    The Park Road is currently open to Mile 3, Park Headquarters. Wintry conditions beyond that point prevent vehicle travel, though pedestrian travel is permitted. More »

Sidebar: First Schoolhouse

Historic photo of wooden structures
P44-05-026A, Alaska State Library, Skinner Foundation Photograph Collection
Experience Your America

The Alaska territorial government required a minimum enrollment of six children before it would provide a teacher and school supplies. Harry Karstens, and a helper, built the first school from salvaged lumber. Once the woodstove was installed, school started in November 1922. Aladdin-type kerosene lamps provided basic illumination.

Mrs. Louise Ann Fairburn, a retired teacher from Fairbanks, with 20 years of teaching experience in Alaska, was hired as the first teacher. She was a disciplinarian who emphasized the "three R’s" — reading, writing, and arithmetic — but did not neglect fine arts. Fairburn initially taught grades one, five, and six, and added curriculum for other grades as needed. Adult night classes met three times a week.

The school put on Christmas socials, musicals, and plays. As often happens in rural communities, the school quickly became a social center. Old-timers often joined the audience for poetry readings, songs, and skits.

Historic image of family in front of a log cabin
Courtesy Karstens Family

Did You Know?

scenic image of a green plain bisected by a thin river, mountains and clouds in the distance

Cold temperatures limit trees from growing at high elevation in Denali. Warmer temperatures, however, have led to woody vegetation growing at ever-higher elevations. Treeline changes are a conspicuous sign of climate change.