The open fields, meadows, wetlands, stream valleys, scrub-shrub, and forests environments of the National Park Service Civil War Defenses of Washington provide diverse habitats for a variety of animals. From microscopic copepods found in seeps and wetlands, to meadow butterflies, to woodland salamanders and snakes, to woodland interior-nesting songbirds, to nesting birds of prey, to fox and deer, the National Park Service Civil War Defenses of Washington sites are a sanctuary and home to many animal species native to the Washington metropolitan area.
Click the links above to see checklists of some species that have been documented in the National Park Service Civil War Defenses of Washington sites over the past twenty-five years.
Did You Know?
During the Cretaceous Period, 120 million years ago, the Fort Foote property was swamp land, much different from today. Warm adapted plants such as Brachyphyllum crassicarde lived in this habitat (fossil photo to the right). As the climate began to change, this plant as well as many others died out.