The Marvel of the Big Guns at Fort Foote
The sheer immensity of the two Rodman guns at Fort Foote made them objects of curiosity. Visitors frequently came to see them. The 15- inch Rodmans weighed about 49,000 pounds and required 300-400 soldiers to move them up the bluff from river to fort. The balls fired by the smooth-bore Rodmans weighed 500 to 600 pounds and took about fifty pounds of powder.
It was an occasion each time the big guns were fired. On February 27, 1864 three shots were fired from the 15-inch Rodman. Crowds of visitors beheld the occasion. Again, on April 1, 1864, a large party from Washington came to witness the workings of the big guns. The Rodman was fired at a 25-degrees elevation and a range of three miles. Because the guns had such a concussion, it was noted that observers would raise their toes and open their mouths to lessen the effects.
The most notable visitor to the fort was President Abraham Lincoln. He was invited by Gen. John G. Barnard along with Secretary of War Edwin M Stanton, Gens. James S. Wadsworth, Montgomery Meigs, John H. Martindale, Samuel P. Heintzelman, Lt. Col. J.A. Haskin, and Barnard’s brother and his wife to visit the fort on August 20, 1863.
It was a warm afternoon on the day of their visit. At 3:30 p.m. they met at the 6th Street Warf in Washington. After waiting an hour for the president to arrive, they boarded a sternwheeler for the eight-mile trip down river. After visiting the fort for about an hour, the guests had a meal consisting of fresh peaches grown nearby, crackers and cheese, and champagne. They then returned to Washington, arriving after dark. Gen. Heintzelman wrote the following description of Fort Foote in his journal:
Secretary of State William H. Seward was a frequent visitor to the fort with his son, Lt. Col. William Seward Jr., who commanded the first unit garrisoned at Fort Foote. They both attended the ceremony at the fort when it was officially designated in honor of Commodore Andrew H. Foote on October 1, 1863. On another visit on March 13, 1864, Secretary Seward brought some foreign guests. On October 22, the Sewards visited with Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase, Secretary of the Navy Gideon Wells, Gen. John G.Barnard, and some unnamed ladies. On this date they witnessed the first firing of the 200-pounder. Secretary Wells commented on the trip in his diary:
During another one of Seward’s visits a demonstration of the big guns was marred by the mischief of Confederate sympathizers. A target had been placed in mid-river, two miles away, measurement carefully made, and the men had practiced until they were sure of their aim. Just before the firing, this group of mischief-makers moved out from shore, cut the target loose, and towed it away. The gunners were then forced to fire on other targets. Seward’s wife served lunch afterward in one of the bombproofs and gave the ladies a tour of the quarters.
On April 24, 1864, Seward received a presentation award. Afterward Mrs. Seward served sandwiches, raw and stewed oysters, coffee cake, and pickles to the approximately forty visitors.
These well-documented accounts reflect a pleasant milieu at Fort Foote for the famous and not so famous visitors. One can only assume this festive atmosphere brought a welcomed and pleasant diversion for the troops stationed there, as well.
Did You Know?
The Civil War Defenses of Washington exist because of geology and topography. The strategic high ground where the fortifications are located stretches between two considerably different geologic terrains: the Piedmont Plateau to the north and west and the Atlantic Coastal Plain to the east.