• !5-inch Rodman Cannon

    Civil War Defenses of Washington

    District of Columbia

Fort Slocum

Colonel John Slocum

Fort Slocum was named after Colonel John Slocum of the 2nd Rhode island Infantry. Colonel Slocum was killed on July 21, 1861 at the First Battle of Manassas (also known as the First Battle of Bull Run).

Fort Slocum was built by the 2nd Rhode Island Infantry. The fort had 25 guns and mortars and commanded the intersection of the left and right forks of Rock Creek Church Road (near today's New Hampshire Avenue and McDonald Place). The fort also provided support for Fort Stevens to the west.

 
Contraband at Camp Brightwood

Do you live near Fort Slocum? Learn about the African American Civil War Descendants Study that the National Park Service is conducting in association with American University.

Did You Know?

Samuel Cooper

The Civil War Defenses were generally named after well known Union officers (many deceased during the war). This was not always the case. Fort Williams was first named Fort Traitor because the owner, Samuel Cooper(left), pledged an oath to the Union only to become a Confederate later on in the war.