• !5-inch Rodman Cannon

    Civil War Defenses of Washington

    District of Columbia

Dennis Hart Mahan

portrait of Dennis Hart Mahan

This is a portrait of Dennis Hart Mahan by Robert Wier. The Defenses of Washington were built on Mahan's principles from his book, A TREATISE ON FIELD FORTIFICATIONS.

Dennis Hart Mahan was born in New York City on April 2, 1802. He grew up in Norfolk, Virginia, and was appointed from that state to attend the United States Military Academy at West Point. As an undergraduate at West Point, Mahan taught mathematics to underclassmen. Graduating at the top of his class in 1824, he soon returned to the Academy to teach civil and military engineering.

From 1826 to 1830, the War Department sent him to Europe to study public engineering works and military institutions. On his return to West Point Mahan continued to teach. He taught the course on military science taken by virtually every West Pointer who fought in the Civil War. He was also a recognized authority on military engineering and wrote several books that were considered standards in his field. Some of his works include Complete Treatise on Field Fortification (1836), Summary on the Cause of Permanent Fortifications and of the Attack and Defense of Permanent Works (1850), and An Elementary Course of Military Engineering (2 vol., 1866–67). Despite its odd title, his textbook, Elementary Treatise on Advance-Guard, Out-Post, and Detachment Service of Troops (1847, often reprinted), was America’s first comprehensive work on tactics and strategy.

Professor Mahan was married to Mary Helena Okill and they raised five children. Their oldest son, Alfred Thayer, chose the U.S. Naval Academy and became a renowned naval strategist and historian. A younger son, Frederick August, graduated from West Point in 1867.

On September 1871, he died near Stoney Point, New York, from suicide during an insanity attack that resulted from his inability to deal with his forced retirement.

Fort Mahan, located at Benning Road and 42nd Street, NE, Washington D.C., was named after Professor Mahan.

Did You Know?

Fort Reno highlighted on histortical map

Fort Reno was the largest of the Defenses of Washington fortifications and supported a dozen heavy guns and a contingent of 3,000 men.