Multiple tick exposures have been reported by visitors to the park. Please be aware that proper shoes, clothing, use of repellent spray, and checking the body for ticks following a visit to the park are the best way to prevent transmission of disease. More »
Canal Visitor Center Closure
Canal Visitor Center will be closed for construction, starting Monday, May 6, 2013. It will reopen with new exhibits in early 2014.
Bald Eagle Closure in Effect
RR tracks, and 30 foot right of way on either side, are closed to all foot traffic from the Rt. 82 Bridge at Station Rd, north to the RR tracks at. The Cuyahoga R. downstream of the Brecksville Dam to the Fitzwater Rd Bridge is closed to water activities.
During the mid-19th century, the number of dairy farmers increased in the Cuyahoga Valley and local cheese factories began purchasing their unprocessed milk. Previously, cheese was made at home, usually by farm women. The introduction of cheese factories allowed farmers to avoid the long process of cheese-making, while continuing to reap profits from their dairy cattle. As a result of rising demand, the value of milk tripled between 1870 and 1910. According to Historian Henry Howe, the Western Reserve region of Ohio earned the nickname "Cheesedom."
As early as the 1860s, the Oak Hill Factory (see details below) in Peninsula was successfully producing over 70,000 pounds of cheese per year. Factory reports indicate that during a good year, it took about 9.5 pounds of milk to make one pound of cheese. In 1868 alone, the Oak Hill Factory received over 670,000 pounds of milk. Other records listed Summit County's 1887 production as 1,011,957 pounds of cheese and 657,527 pounds of butter. The numbers for other nearby counties were even higher.
Cheese factory productivity directly related to weather patterns. During hot weather and droughts, cows produced less milk. Mild temperatures and adequate water helped cows produce better quality milk, which made more cheese per pound. To overcome the summer heat, factories developed ways to refrigerate the milk and cheese. The Oak Hill Factory passed water through boxes of ice that passed under and around the milk. Read below to learn more about some of the many cheese factories that once operated in the Cuyahoga Valley.
Oak Hill Factory
Click to learn more about the history of the Welton Farm.
In Their Own Words
Click the topic to hear stories about Cuyahoga Valley life.
Welton Farm and Factory (29 seconds)
Daniel Greenfield, of Greenfield Berry Farm, talks about the Welton's cheese factory that was once just east of his property. Daniel and his wife live in the Welton House.
Courtesy/Bath Township Historical Society
Andrew Cassidy's Factories
Tilden Cheese Factory
Did You Know?
Dragonflies and damselflies look almost alike while flying. However, if you wait until they land, dragonflies lay their wings to the side while damselflies lay them back and above their bodies.