NPS Seeks Comment on Proposed Regulation for Off-Road Bicycle Trails
NPShas proposed a special regulation to designate and authorize off-road bicycle use on new trails constructed outside of developed areas in Cuyahoga Valley National Park. The public is invited to provide comment until Monday, December 15, 2014. More »
Valley Bridle Trail south of SR 303, across from golf course, is collapsed by river. Hard closure. Plateau Trail Bridge, north of Valley Picnic Area is closed. No detours. Plateau & Oak Hill trails are open. More »
Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad Educational Programs
Bring your students aboard Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad (CVSR) for an educational program while riding through Cuyahoga Valley National Park (CVNP).
All Aboard for Animals
Transportation in the Valley
In 1825, Ohio saw a surge of workers digging, cutting stone, and plying timber to create a new age for a youthful state. By 1832, the canal reached the Ohio River in Portsmouth. This first national inland waterway connected Ohio with markets from New York City to New Orleans fueling the growth of a national economy. The canal attracted businesses and industries to its banks, spawning the growth of villages and cities making Ohio the third richest state in the union.
The popularity of the Ohio & Erie Canal wained in the mid 1800s as development of railroads increased throughout the state. Soon it was the iron horse that carried goods and people throughout the valley, leaving the slower moving canal boats behind. Railroad steam was first seen in the Cuyahoga Valley in 1880. Fueling the industrial revolution, the Valley Railway transported coal from central Ohio to factories in Cleveland and Akron. Valley residents used the line for transportation, and depots became a hub of small town life.
Eventually railroads would give way to automobiles, and bridges would scale the valley as the pace of transportation increased once again.
The Underground Railroad and Cuyahoga Valley National Park
The UGRR is a mixture of historical facts and myth. Begun by Quakers in the late 1700s, it existed until the Civil War. The UGRR encompassed every slave to tried to escape, slaves who offered food and direction, runaway slaves who returned south to help others escape, and free blacks and whites who joined to assist others in their quest for freedom. Most slaves were headed north toward the safety of Canada, traveling by any means available. The Ohio & Erie Canal was a possible route followed by runaway slaves. The 308-mile canal that connected the Ohio River to Lake Erie, which had to be crossed to reach Canada and freedom, parallels the train track and can be seen out the windows.
Many times the runaway slaves traveled to freedom with little help. Others were assisted by abolitionists, people who believed that slavery should be ended. These abolitionists risked large fines and prison time to assist runaway slaves. Antislavery organizations, abolitionist newspapers, and lecturers made Northeast Ohio a hotbed of abolitionist activities.
Departing and Arriving Times
Self-Guided Trail Activities
For more information about the CVSR, go to www.cvsr.com.
To schedule CVSR education programs, call (330) 657-1905.
Did You Know?
American Indians in the Cuyahoga Valley were influenced by the Hopewell Culture, which created large mound complexes in central Ohio from 100 B.C. – A.D. 500? In the Cuyahoga Valley, American Indians built small mounds rather than large ceremonial centers.