• Sea Oat hold windswept dunes along Cumberland Island

    Cumberland Island

    National Seashore Georgia

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Nature & Science

Cumberland Island is the largest and southernmost barrier island in Georgia. With little commercial development, Cumberland has remained relatively stable over the last several hundred years.

However, barrier Islands are dynamic environments. For visitors who spend a few hours or a few days on Cumberland this soon becomes apparent. Wind shapes the dunes, Fire shapes the plant and animal communities that depend on them, and humans leave their impact too.

Cumberland Island supports a rich diversity of animals, plants and offers amazing views of the Atlantic Ocean and Cumberland Sound. The rich marsh environment as well as the deep night sky hold something for everyone.

 

Did You Know?

Osprey perched on the east coast of the island.

Cumberland Island provides important habitat for a number of important species including shore birds such as American Oystercatchers, Least Terns, and Wilson’s Plovers. The island is an important stopover point for migrating birds on the transatlantic migratory flyway.