• fog flows through Cumberland Gap

    Cumberland Gap

    National Historical Park KY,TN,VA

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  • Sugar Run Trail Closed to Horses

    The Sugar Run Trail is temporarily closed to horse use due to the number of fallen trees as a result of recent storms. The trail is still open for hikers, but hikers should use caution.

  • Shuttle to Hensley Settlement

    There will be no shuttle or tour to Hensley Settlement on August 10, 2014. Tours on other days will continue to be offered as scheduled. For questions and more information please call the park visitor center at (606) 248-2817, extension 1075.

  • Back the Bears!

    Support the park's "Back the Bears" campaign and help keep our bears wild and safe! More »

  • Cave Tour Alert!

    White Nose Syndrome is a disease that is killing bats in great numbers and has been found in park caves. While visiting Gap Cave please do not wear or bring anything that has been in other caves. Skylight Cave is currently closed.

Mammals

Black bear

Black bear

Photo by Chuck Summers

Mammals Known to Occur or Likely to Occur in Cumberland Gap National Historical Park:

Taxonomic organization and nomenclature as used by Smithsonian Institution and National Museum of Natural History on http://www.mnh.si.edu/mna/

Order: Artiodactyla

Family: Cervidae

Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [NPS, B, H, L, C]

Order: Carnivora

Family: Canidae

Canis latrans (Coyote) [B, L, C]

Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Common Gray Fox) [NPS, L, C]

Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox) [C, L]

Family: Felidae

Lynx rufus (Bobcat) [NPS, L, C]

Family: Mephitidae

Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk) [NPS, L, C]

Spilogale putorius (Eastern Spotted Skunk) [NPS, B, L, C]

Family: Mustelidae

Lontra canadensis (Lutra canadensis) (Northern River Otter) [L, C]

Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel) [L, C]

Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel) [L, C]

Mustela vison (American Mink) [L, C]

Family: Procyonidae

Procyon lotor (Northern Raccoon) [NPS, L, C]

Family: Ursidae

Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) [NPS, B, H, L]

Order: Chiroptera

Family: Vespertilionidae

Corynorhinus rafinesquii (Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat) [H, L, C]

Eptesicus fuscus (Big Brown Bat) [NPS, H, L, C]

Lasionycteris noctivagans (Silver-haired Bat) [NPS, L, C]

Lasiurus borealis (Red Bat) [NPS, H, L, C]

Lasiurus cinereus (Hoary Bat) [L, C]

Myotis grisescens (Gray Myotis) [L, C]

Myotis leibii (Eastern Small-footed Myotis) [NPS,C]

Myotis lucifugus (Little Brown Bat) [NPS, L, C]

Myotis septentrionalis (Northern Long-eared Myotis) [L, C]

Myotis sodalis (Indiana Bat) [NPS, B, H, L, C]

Nycticeius humeralis (Evening Bat) [C]

Pipistrellus subflavus (Eastern Pipistrelle) [B, H, C]

Order: Didelphimorphia

Family: Didelphidae

Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum) [NPS, L, C]

Order: Insectivora

Family: Soricidae

Blarina brevicauda (Northern Short-tailed Shrew) [NPS, B, H, L, C]

Cryptotis parva (Least Shrew) [B, L, C]

Sorex cinereus (Cinereus Shrew) [B, H, L, C]

Sorex dispar (Long-tailed Shrew) [H, C]

Sorex fumeus (Smoky Shrew) [NPS, B, H, L, C]

Sorex hoyi (Pygmy Shrew) [B, H, L, C]

Sorex longirostris (Southeastern Shrew) [L, C]

Family: Talpidae

Parascalops breweri (Hairy-tailed Mole) [NPS, B, H, L, C]

Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole) [NPS, L, C]

Order: Lagomorpha

Family: Leporidae

Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail) [NPS, B, L]

Sylvilagus obscurus (Appalachian Cottontail) [H, C]

Order: Rodentia

Family: Castoridae)

Castor canadensis (American Beaver) [L, C]

Family: Dipodidae

Napaeozapus insignis (Woodland Jumping Mouse) [NPS, L, C]

Zapus hudsonius (Meadow Jumping Mouse) [B, L, C]

Family: Muridae

Clethrionomys gapperi (Southern Red-backed Vole) [NPS, B, H, L, C]

Microtus pennsylvanicus (Meadow Vole) [C]

Microtus pinetorum (Woodland Vole) [NPS, H, L, C]

Neotoma magister (Allegheny Woodrat) [NPS, B, H, L, C]

Ochrotomys nuttalli (Golden Mouse) [L, C]

Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat) [L, C]

Oryzomys palustris (Marsh Rice Rat) [C]

Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse) [NPS, B, H, L, C]

Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) [NPS, B, H, L, C]

Reithrodontomys humulis (Eastern Harvest Mouse) [C]

Sigmodon hispidus (Hispid Cotton Rat) [NPS, L, C]

Synaptomys cooperi (Southern Bog Lemming) [NPS, B, H, L, C]

Family: Sciuridae

Glaucomys volans (Southern Flying Squirrel) [NPS, L, C]

Marmota monax (Woodchuck) [NPS, L, C]

Sciurus carolinensis (Eastern Gray Squirrel) [NPS, B, H, L, C]

Sciurus niger (Eastern Fox Squirrel) [L, C]

Tamias striatus (Eastern Chipmunk) [NPS, L, C]

Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (Red Squirrel) [L]

NPS - Species listed for CGNHP

B - Species listed for Bell Co., KY, on http://fw.ky.gov/kfwis/speciesInfo/speciesInfo.asp

H - Species listed for Harlan Co., KY, on http://fw.ky.gov/kfwis/speciesInfo/speciesInfo.asp

L - Species listed for Lee Co., VA, on http://www.dgif.state.va.us/wildlife/

C - Species listed for Claiborne Co., TN, on http://fwie.fw.vt.edu/tn/

Did You Know?

Gap Cave

Gap Cave has also been called: King Solomon's Cave, Soldier's Cave, and Cudjo's Cave! The cave was originally referred to as "Gap Cave" because of its proximity to the Gap. When early pioneers saw the cave they knew they were about to cross the mountains into the wilderness of Kentucky.