A Handbook for Managers of Cultural Landscapes with Natural Resource Values Conservation Study Institute
Biltmore Estate, North Carolina
Executive Summary
An Overview of Cultural Landscape Preservation
Appendix A: Interview Guide
Appendix B: National Park Service Definitions for Cultrual Landscape Types
Appendix C: World Heritage Convention Definitions of Cultural Landscapes
Appendix D: National Register Bulletins Relevant to Cultural Landscapes
Appendix E: List of Interviewees
Appendix F: Source Materials for Case Studies
Appendix G: Web Sites Relevant to Cultural Landscapes
View Case Studies

Appendix B: National Park Srvice Definitions for Cultural Landscape Types

The definition for cultural landscape currently used by the National Park Service is:

a geographic area, including both cultural and natural resources and the wildlife or domestic animals therein, associated with a historic event, activity, or person or exhibiting other cultural or aesthetic values. (Cultural Resource Management Guidelines, NPS-28)

National Park Service typology:

Historic site: the location of a significant event or activity, or a building or structure, whether standing, ruined, or vanished, where the location itself possesses historic, cultural, or archaeological value regardless of the value of any existing structure.

Historic designed landscape: a landscape having historic significance as a design or work or art because it was consciously designed and laid out by a landscape architect, master gardener, architect, or horticulturist according to design principles, or by an owner or other amateur using a recognized style or tradition in response or reaction to a recognized style or tradition; has a historic association with a significant person or persons, trend, or event in landscape gardening or landscape architecture; or a significant relationship to the theory and practice of landscape architecture.

Historic vernacular landscape: a landscape whose use, construction, or physical layout reflects endemic traditions, customs, beliefs, or values; in which the expression of cultural values, social behavior, and individual actions over time is manifested in the physical features and materials and their interrelationships, including patterns of spatial organization, land use, circulation, vegetation, structures, and objects; and in which the physical, biological, and cultural features reflect the customs and everyday lives of people.

Ethnographic landscape: a landscape traditionally associated with a contemporary ethnic group, typically used for such activities as subsistence hunting and gathering, religious or sacred ceremonies, and traditional meetings.

(NPS Preservation Brief No. 36, Protecting Cultural Landscapes: Planning, Treatment, and Management of Historic Landscapes)

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