A Handbook for Managers of Cultural Landscapes with Natural Resource Values Conservation Study Institute
Perdernales River, Texas, photo by Jason Lott
Perdernales River, Texas, photo by Jason Lott



The Issue


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Perdernales River, Texas, photo by Jason Lott
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South-Central Texas Hill Country

Contact: Superintendent

Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park
P.O. Box 329
Johnson City, Texas 78636

Photo by Jason Lott
This dam on Perdernales River was the
original entrance to the Texas White House.

Introduction to the Site as a Cultural Landscape: Recognizing Cultural and Natural Resource Values

Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park lies in the Hill Country of south-central Texas along the Pedernales River. The park's 674 acres are divided into two separate districts, the LBJ Ranch district and the Johnson City district. Both districts are cultural landscapes because of their association with the life of Lyndon B. Johnson, thirty-sixth president of the United States, and both contain historic structures in their original locations that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

photographer unknown
Texas White House

President Johnson was born, lived, died, and is buried on the LBJ Ranch. Within the ranch district are his reconstructed birthplace, the Junction School, his grandparents' home, the "Texas White House," the show barn and ranch lands, and the family cemetery where the president is buried. In general, the park has used the time period from 1960 to 1973 for structure reconstruction. This time frame encompasses Johnson's vice presidency and presidency plus the five-year period of retirement prior to his death.

Although Johnson's boyhood home has had various occupants over the years, it has been restored by the National Park Service to his boyhood period, the 1920s. Structures in the Johnson settlement area of the Johnson City district date from approximately 1855-1885. Each is maintained and interpreted as it would have existed during the time of its greatest significance.

Photo by Jason Lott
Perdernales River and park road taken from the Junction School

The Texas Hill Country was important to President Johnson because he felt the influence of its landscape and people in his own life, and the landscape's power of rejuvenation in difficult times. It is a natural landscape of forested hills, deep canyons, and secluded valleys, with live oak-juniper savanna in the uplands and wild pecan trees along the river bottoms.

Blue Ridge Parkway

Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area

Gettysburg National Military Park

Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park

Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park

The Presidio:
Crissy Field

The Presidio:
Presidio Forest

Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve

Printable PDF Version of this Case Study

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