• Colonial National Historical Park

    Colonial

    National Historical Park Virginia

Reptiles

Turtle

Turtle

Chuck Rafkind

Reptiles are integral links in the flow of energy in natural ecosystems. They are predators of many animals, some of which are pests, and they are prey for other animals in the food web. Reptiles are declining worldwide. The primary cause is habitat loss, but commercialization for food and skins, disease, introduced species, environmental pollution, and global climate change cause population decline and loss. Park records list 52 species. This includes turtles, lizards, skink and snakes. A survey for herps (reptiles and amphibians) was recently completed for the Jamestown environs. That survey found eleven species of frogs, seven species of salamanders, seven species of turtles, three species of lizards, and eight species of snakes.

Did You Know?

Satellite image of the Chesapeake Bay courtesy of the USGS

The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States at 200 miles long, from 3 to 30 miles wide with an area of 3,237 square miles. Four major rivers empty into the Chesapeake Bay in Virginia: the James River, the York River, the Rappahannock River and the Potomac River.