Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument
About the Park
Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument is co-managed by the National Park Service and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). Grand Canyon-Parashant's natural splendor provides a sense of solitude to those who venture into its isolated domain. Located on the edge of one of the most beautiful places on earth, the Grand Canyon, the Monument’s expansive landscape encompasses a chronicle of natural and cultural history. Conservation of these values and resources, as well as natural and social processes from which they spring, can be effected by climate change. The National Park Service and Bureau of Land Management strive to manage these resources for the long-term, using science to inform management decisions. The National Park Service and Bureau of Land Management have integrated their staff and programs to enhance communication regarding resource values and potential impacts to these resources from climate change.
The Bureau of Land Management has a climate adaptation planning program for climate related work. Combining the National Park Service Climate Friendly Park’s program with the Bureau of Land Management’s climate program will enable the two agencies to collaborate on current conservation, sustainability, alternative energy and related ecologic and social issues facing both the land management agencies and the public. These actions would be integrated into achieving land health conditions identified in management plans.
At Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument, climate variability, which may include increasing temperatures and changing precipitation patterns, may alter Monument ecosystems, change vegetation communities, habitats available for species, and the experience of Monument visitors. The Monument is involved in the Mojave Desert Initiative which is a multi-agency effort to address climate change impacts to Mojave Desert resources and ecological processes. Climate variability has already led to changes to vegetation communities in terms of conversions to non-native species dominance and changes in fuel loading and fire regime. These changes are documented via research and being tracked through scientific monitoring. The Mojave Desert Initiative is sponsoring this work and using the information to being devising adaptive management strategies to protect resources and manage for long-term conservation.
This Action Plan identifies steps that Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument can undertake to reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) emissions and mitigate its impact on actual and potential climate change. The plan presents the Monument’s emissions reduction goals and associated reduction actions. Strategies and action plan items were developed by working groups at the Mojave Desert and Mediterranean Coast Climate Friendly Parks Workshop.
Greenhouse gas emissions result from the combustion of fossil fuels for transportation and energy (e.g., boilers, electricity generation), the decomposition of waste and other organic matter, and the volatilization or release of gases from various other sources (e.g., fertilizers and refrigerants).
In 2008, GHG emissions within Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument totaled 41 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalents (MTCO2E). This includes emissions from Monument and visitor activities, including vehicle use within the Monument. For perspective, a typical single family home in the U.S. produces approximately 12 MTCO2 per year (U.S. EPA, Greenhouse Gases Equivalencies Calculators – Calculations and References, Retrieved , Website: http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-resources/calculator.html). Thus, the combined emissions from Monument and visitor activities within the Monument are roughly equivalent to the emissions from the energy use of three households each year.
The largest emissions sector for Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument was transportation in 2008, which totaled 39 MTCO2E. This estimate includes emissions from visitor travel within the Monument’s boundaries as well as those from local tour vehicles operating within the Monument.
The graph below, taken from our Action Plan, shows our baseline emissions in 2008 broken down into sectors.
The Grand Canyon - Parashant National Monument has committed to achieve healthy land conditions based on a number of natural conditions including addressing the impacts of climate change or natural climate variability on the ecosystem.
To read more about what we are doing at Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument about Climate Change, check out our Action Plan!