Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historic Park

Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historic ParkNestled among the rolling hills and pastures of eastern-central Vermont, the Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park is the only national park to tell the story of conservation history and the evolving nature of land stewardship in America. The boyhood home of George Perkins Marsh, one of America's first conservationists, and later the home of Frederick Billings, the property was given to the American people by its most recent owners, Laurance S. and Mary F. Rockefeller.  

Today, the park is a living symbol of three generations of conservationist thought and practice. It is also a repository for the histories of three quintessentially American families. Visitors can tour the mansion and gardens where these exceptional people lived and observed nature, and learn more about land stewardship and conservation by hiking in the managed forest and visiting the conservation stewardship exhibit at the Carriage Barn Visitor Center. At Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park, increased temperatures may alter the natural ecosystems present, and change both the habitats available for species and resources available for park visitor recreation.


In 2006, Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park’s GHG emissions totaled 78 metric tons of carbon equivalent (MTCE).  This total includes emissions calculated for the park’s operations. The largest emission sector for Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park is Energy - totaling 68 MTCE.  The majority of these emissions result from the stationary combustion of heating oil and propane for park operations – totaling 44 MTCE.


The graph below, taken from our Action Plan, shows our park operations baseline greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2006 broken down into sectors:

MABI Emission Profile Graph


Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park aims to reduce GHG emissions from Park Operations to 30% below 2006 levels by the year 2011 by implementing emission mitigation actions identified by the park.

Example Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park Planned Actions

Planned actions fall under 2 main strategies.  These strategies and specific examples of actions include:

1) Reduce emissions from park facilities and operations by identifying and implementing emission mitigation actions.

  • Fire existing device (e.g., generator) with biodiesel instead of diesel. Augment Carriage Barn, the Mansion, and the Belvedere heating system with wood-fired boilers.
  • Continue to purchase green energy from a renewable energy provider (e.g., CVPS’s CowPower program).
  • Install fuel cells.
  • Provide access to the park through a regional alternative-fuel shuttle in partnership with the town of Woodstock.
  • Continue to replace toilets with low-flow models.

2) Increase climate change outreach and education efforts.

  • Share programs with other parks in the Northeast Temperate Inventory and Monitoring Network and NPS science community.
  • Involve citizens in assisting with climate change monitoring programs (e.g., phenology, eBrids).
  • Contact possible park partners, such as environmental groups, representatives from the local tourism/community business board, representatives from the state environment/energy departments, teachers, representatives from the regional transportation authority, and local university partners.
  • Continue to build partnerships and work other institutions (e.g., schools) to promote climate change education and support GHG reduction programs regionally.
  • Continue to create and/or distribute current monitoring data on climate change and its effects on national parks in general and on Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller.

To read more about what Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park is doing about Climate Change with Climate Friendly Parks, check out the Action Plan