Fort Vancouver National Historic Site
About the Park
Fort Vancouver is located on the north side of the Columbia River in Vancouver, Washington. The McLoughlin House unit is located in Oregon City, Oregon. Fort Vancouver and the McLoughlin House are approximately 25 miles apart.
As part of the National Park Service’s Pacific West Region, Fort Vancouver National Historic Site is involved in the regional effort within the NPS to become carbon neutral. The Region has developed a vision of having its park operations be carbon neutral, and of having all of its parks become Climate Friendly Parks Member Parks by 2010. Within the context of this larger vision, Fort Vancouver National Historic Site developed the emission reduction and adaptation goals described in this plan.
Fort Vancouver National Historic Site has committed to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from its park operations by 24% below 2007 levels by 2016. Park operations refers to the facilities, vehicles, equipment, etc. that are under the operational control of the park.This Action Plan describes steps that Fort Vancouver National Historic Site can undertake to reduce GHG emissions and mitigate its impact on climate change. The plan presents the park’s emission reduction goals, and associated reduction actions to achieve the park’s goals. Strategies and action plan items were developed by working groups at the North Coast & Cascade and Upper Columbia Basin Climate Friendly Parks Workshop. While the plan provides a framework needed to meet the park’s emission reduction goals, it is not intended to provide detailed instructions on how to implement each of the proposed measures.
In 2007, GHG emissions within Fort Vancouver National Historic Site totaled 565 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MTCO2E). This total includes emissions calculated from park operations and visitors including vehicle use within the park. For perspective, a typical single family home in the U.S. produces approximately 12 MTCO2 per year (U.S. EPA, Greenhouse Gases Equivalencies Calculators – Calculations and References, Retrieved, Website: http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-resources/calculator.html). Thus, the combined emissions from park operations and visitor activities within the park are roughly equivalent to the emissions from the electricity use of 48 households each year.
The largest emission sector for Fort Vancouver National Historic Site is Energy, totaling 488 MTCO2E . The park purchased a total of 324,715 Kilowatt Hours (kWh) from Clark County Public Utility District (PUD) and Portland General Electric (PGE). 315,393 kWh were purchased from Clark PUD and they obtain power from two sources: half is from the BPA and the other half is from the River Road Generation Plant. 9,322 kWh were purchased from Portland General Electric for the properties in Oregon City, OR, and they produce their own energy from a number of different sources.
The park will be building a new Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certified Visitor Center that will replace the current Mission 66 Visitor Center. The addition of the new visitor center will greatly help the park reduce the electricity consumptions. Pearson Air Museum used a total of 173,440 kWh of electricity during the fiscal year of 2007. The building is owned by the NPS but run by the City of Vancouver and the emissions are not attributed to the total park operations.The graph below, taken from our Climate Action Plan, shows our baseline emissions in 2007 broken down into sectors, including visitor travel.
Fort Vancouver National Historic Site intends to:
- Reduce GHG emissions from Park Operations to 24% below levels by the year 2016 by implementing emission mitigation actions identified by the park.
- Preserve to the highest degree possible the park’s natural and cultural resources and infrastructure from the impacts of climate change.