John Muir and Eugene O’Neill National Historic Sites
About the Parks
John Muir and Eugene O’Neill National Historic Sites, as members of the Pacific West Region, are involved in the first regional effort in the National Park Service to become carbon neutral. The Region has developed a vision of having its park operations be carbon neutral and having all of its parks be a member of the Climate Friendly Parks Program by 2010.
The Climate Friendly Parks Action Plan identifies steps that John Muir NHS and Eugene O’Neill NHS can undertake to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and adapt to current and future impacts of climate change. The plan presents the Parks’ emission reduction goals, and associated reduction actions to achieve the Parks’ goals. Strategies and action plan items were developed by working groups at San Francisco Bay Area Network Climate Friendly Parks (CFP) Workshop.
GHG emissions result from the combustion of fossil fuels for transportation and energy (e.g., boilers, electricity generation), the decomposition of waste and other organic matter, and the volatilization or release of gases from various other sources (e.g., fertilizers and refrigerants).
In 2008, GHG emissions at John Muir NHS totaled 51 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MTCO2E) and Eugene O’Neill NHS totaled 38 MTCO2E . These totals include emissions from the Parks’ operations. For perspective, a typical single family home in the U.S. produces approximately 12 MTCO2 per year (U.S. EPA, Greenhouse Gases Equivalencies Calculators – Calculations and References, Retrieved; Website: http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-resources/calculator.html). Thus, the emissions from John Muir NHS are roughly equivalent to the emissions from the energy use of four households each year, and Eugene O’Neill NHS is roughly equivalent to the emissions from the energy use of three households each year.
The largest emission sector for John Muir NHS and Eugene O’Neill NHS is energy, totaling 34 MTCO2E at John Muir NHS and 23 MTCO2E at Eugene O’Neill NHS.
The graph below, taken from our Action Plan, shows John Muir National Historic Site baseline emissions in 2008 broken down into sectors.
The graph below, taken from our Action Plan, shows Eugene O’Neill National Historic Site baseline emissions in 2008 broken down into sectors.
John Muir NHS and Eugene O’Neill NHS have committed to reduce park operations by the following amounts:
- Energy use emissions to 35 percent below 2008 levels by 2016.
- Transportation emissions to 20 percent below 2008 levels by 2016.
- Waste emissions to 40 percent below 2008 levels by 2016 through waste diversion and reduction.
To read more about what we are doing at John Muir and Eugene O’Neill National Historic Sites about climate change, check out our Action Plan!