Bandelier National Monument

Bandelier National MonumentSet on the slopes of the Jemez Mountains in northern New Mexico, Bandelier National Monument's 33,000 acres range in elevation from just over 10,000 feet at Cerro Grande to just over 5,000 feet at the Rio Grande. The landscape, which was formed by massive volcanic eruptions over 1 million years ago, is home to a variety of species of plants and animals. Sloped mesas cut by steep-walled canyons, the life sustaining Rio Grande River and its wetlands, coniferous forests and aspen groves all provide different habitats for species as diverse as mule deer, abert's squirrels, lizards, and a number of bird species. Global climate change will impact Bandelier National Monument through increased temperatures and varying precipitation levels, which may alter the natural ecosystems present and change the habitats available for species.


In 2007, Bandelier National Monument’s GHG emissions totaled 278 metric tons of carbon equivalent (MTCE).  The largest source of Bandelier National Monument’s emissions is Transportation - totaling 116 MTCE.  The second largest source of emissions is Energy - totaling 108 MTCE. Of energy, purchased electricity was the largest contributor – totaling 69 MTCE.  Waste accounted for 54 MTCE and there were no other sources of emissions.


The graph below shows baseline emissions in 2007 broken down into sectors:

Bandelier National Monument


Bandelier National Monument has committed to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from park operations to 50% below 2007 levels by the year 2012 by implementing emission mitigation actions, and to being carbon neutral by 2016.

Example Bandelier National Monument Planned Actions

Planned actions fall under 2 main strategies.  These strategies and specific examples of actions include:

1) Increase energy and travel efficiency, reduce waste, and promote climate-friendly recreation.

  • Reduce fleet vehicle fuel consumption by 50% of baseline (gasoline, 12,824 gallons; diesel, 4,335 gallons) by reducing vehicle travel, downsizing fleet, developing an employee carpooling program, and purchasing more fuel-efficient vehicles. Acquire at least one “smart car” or similar super high efficiency vehicle for employee use between work sites or for local business.
  • Reduce visitor vehicle miles driven by developing a sticker program to offset miles driven within park (Feebate), and connect this program to Do Your Part!
  • Install light tubes and timers (for night-time use) in campground bathrooms.
  • Investigate feasibility of composting with partner(s) with a goal of composting 5% of baseline year waste amounts.
  • Consider purchasing carbon offsets to reach the goal of being carbon neutral by 2016

2) Increase Climate Change Education and Outreach

  • Communicate sustainability expectations in housing agreements for park residents.
  • Create sustainability exhibit & activities for the annual PEEC (Pajarito Environmental Education Center) Earth Day event.
  • Create a climate friendly pin to incentivize employees, visitors, etc., that participate in the “Do Your Part” program – to be worn on uniforms.
  • Develop a “Myth Busters” check list for all offices and reminders to turn things off with facts about sustainability to show benefits.
  • Kick off the sustainability efforts with a special summer edition of the Tuff Times newspaper distributed to visitors & LA County residents & posted on the park website.

To read more about what Bandelier National Monument is doing about Climate Change with Climate Friendly Parks, check out Bandelier National Monument's CFP Action Plan!