• Clara Barton National Historic Site tulips in bloom.

    Clara Barton

    National Historic Site Maryland

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  • Temporary Site Closure Oct. 27 - Oct. 31, 2014

    Temporary Site Closure will occur starting the week Oct. 27, 2014 between 5 to 10 business days. Weekends the site will remain open. Please call 301-320-1410 for updates.

Primary Source Documents and Research Resources

"Primary Source" On-Line Documents Table of Contents:

September 17, 1862
Battle of Antietam, Maryland - Miss Barton and her wagons arrived on the field prior to the battle. She provided surgeons with desperately needed medical supplies. She later wrote an account of her experience, Notes on Antietam.
www.nps.gov/clba/historyculture/antietam.htm

February 21, 1866
Clara Barton testifies during the 39th Congress, First Session, concerning her experiences and observations while working in Andersonville, Georgia. Her testimony is recorded in the official record for the Reports of the Committees of the House of Representatives.
www.nps.gov/clba/historyculture/cbcongress.htm

March 10, 1866
The United States Congress appropriates $15,000 to reimburse Miss Barton for expenses associated with her search for missing soldiers.
www.nps.gov/clba/historyculture/66res.htm

1878
Clara Barton writes and distributes a small pamphlet, The Red Cross of the Geneva Convention: What It Is.
www.nps.gov/clba/historyculture/rcwhat.htm

1892
Miss Barton composes and delivers her poem, The Women Who Went to the Field.
www.nps.gov/clba/historyculture/fieldpoem.htm

1900
September 8, 1900 a hurricane devastated Galveston Texas. Miss Barton directs her last major field relief work in the wake of a storm which left 6,000 dead. In two months, the operation distributes $120,000 worth of money and supplies and one and a half million strawberry plants.
www.nps.gov/clba/historyculture/strawberry.htm

1902
Clara Barton heads the U. S. delegation to the Seventh International Conference of the Red Cross held in St. Petersburg, Russia. She publishes her official report.
www.nps.gov/clba/historyculture/russia.htm

Did You Know?

Clara Barton seated with a female nurses graduation class.

Clara Barton is probably the most famous American nurse who was never a real nurse. She cared for wounded soldiers in the Civil War and as President of the American Red Cross she organized over 18 relief efforts, but she was a former school teacher and government clerk.