Makeshift hospitals for the wounded, private homes turned into battle headquarters, and more memorials than one can count - a wide variety of structures and sites were either directly affected by the Civil War, or later built in commemoration of it. And not surprisingly, as the caretaker of America's treasures, including battlefields and military parks, hundreds of the sites that still remain are today located within the National Park System.

Places from Places

Showing results 21-25 of 68

  • Gettysburg National Military Park

    Devil's Den

    Photo of dead Confederate soldier, staged in Devil's Den

    In all of the analyses of the Battle of Gettysburg, one of the most important actors in the drama remains silent and unnoticed. The geology and topography of the land itself profoundly influenced the battle, from the hills forming the Union "fishhook" line, to the rocks which hampered movement and provided cover. Devil's Den illustrates this point most clearly. Read more

  • Richmond National Battlefield Park

    Drewry's Bluff

    Painting of Confederate troops at Drewry's Bluff firing on Union fleet

    In the spring of 1862, a Union flotilla of gunboats, including the famed USS Monitor, advanced up the James River, with only one Confederate fortification between them and the Confederate capital. The fate of Richmond lay in the hands of the defenders at Drewry's Bluff. Read more

  • Pea Ridge National Military Park

    Elkhorn Tavern

    c. 1880s photo of the Cox family in front of the tavern

    This wooden tavern - destroyed by the battle and later rebuilt - was witness to some of the heaviest fighting during the bloody two-day Battle of Pea Ridge in 1862. Read more

  • Dry Tortugas National Park

    Fort Jefferson

    Photo of Fort Jefferson

    Fort Jefferson, the largest all-masonry fort in the United States, was built between 1846 and 1875 to protect the nation's gateway to the Gulf of Mexico. During the Civil War, it was used as a Federal prison primarily for Union deserters, though in 1865 three of the Lincoln conspirators were imprisoned within its walls. Read more

  • Fort Point National Historic Site

    Fort Point

    Photo of interior of Fort Point, 1865

    Although the popular imagination does not usually associate California with the Civil War, the U.S. military did have a number of strategic fortifications here, such as Fort Point. Many Californians returned East to fight, and society in California was divided. After the war, many Confederates sought a new start far from the devastation they had witnessed during the war. Read more