• Photo of cannon at Antietam National Battlefield

    The Civil War


Photo of Union General Ulysses S. Grant

Military figures, of course, dominate any list of people caught up in the experience of war. A few entered the American Civil War carrying memories of earlier battles in Mexico, Canada and along the American frontier, but most had no military experience at all. No matter; success in war would not depend on pedigree.

Showing results 6-10 of 90

  • Joshua Chamberlain

    Photo of Joshua Chamberlain

    Joshua Chamberlain was a college professor from Maine who, despite having no formal military training, became one of the Union heroes of the Civil War. The "Savior of Little Round Top" at Gettysburg was wounded six times and a recipient of the Medal of Honor, though perhaps his finest hour came when General Ulysses S. Grant designated him to receive the first flag of surrender at Appomattox Court House. Read more

  • John Chivington

    John Chivington

    In 1862 John Chivington was celebrated as a hero following his service in the New Mexico Campaign of the Civil War, including the Battle of Glorieta Pass, in which commanded Union forces. However, his reputation was destroyed and he resigned from the army over his role as leader of Union troops during the Sand Creek Massacre. Read more

  • Patrick Cleburne

    Patrick Cleburne

    Patrick Cleburne was an Irish immigrant who, after his election to Colonel of the 15th Arkansas, quickly rose into the senior ranks of the Confederate army. In 1864, he joined Robert E. Lee and others to advocate for the enlistment of African Americans in the Confederate army. Read more

  • Douglas Cooper

    Douglas Cooper

    An experienced U.S. Government Indian Agent, Douglas Cooper was recruited by the Confederacy at the beginning of the Civil War to lead Choctaw and Chickasaw military units and to gain allegiance for the tribes against the United States. Read more

  • George Crook

    George Crook

    Best known today for his military campaigns against the Indians before and after the Civil War, George Crook rose from the command of the 36th Ohio Infantry to the command of a cavalry division which fought in Tennessee and southwestern Virginia. During the war he became friends with future president Rutherford B. Hayes. Read more