Photo of Union General Ulysses S. Grant

Military figures, of course, dominate any list of people caught up in the experience of war. A few entered the American Civil War carrying memories of earlier battles in Mexico, Canada and along the American frontier, but most had no military experience at all. No matter; success in war would not depend on pedigree.

People from Military

Showing results 21-25 of 58

  • Andersonville National Historic Site

    Henry Wirz

    Photo of Andersonville Commandant Captain Henry Wirz

    Henry Wirz was the Swiss-born commandant of Andersonville prison. He enlisted in a Louisiana regiment, was wounded and went on secret missions to Europe before taking command of Andersonville. The prison became a nightmare of starvation and disease, and in 1865 Wirz became the only Confederate executed for war crimes as a result. Opinions still differ on how much he was to blame for conditions at Andersonville. Read more

  • Humphrey Marshall

    Photo of Humphrey Marshall

    Humphrey Marshall was a congressman from Kentucky in both the United States and Confederate States Congresses who had a brief, though unsuccessful, military career early in the war. Read more

  • Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument


    Photo of Inkpaduta

    The war leader of the Wahpekute Santee Sioux in the latter half of the 19th century, Inkpaduta was responsible for a number of attacks on frontier outposts in Iowa in the 1850s and 1860s before he was driven into Canada in 1864. He reappeared at the Battle of the Little Big Horn in 1876. Read more

  • Irvin McDowell

    Photo of Irvin McDowell

    Although Irvin McDowell had never before commanded troops in combat, he was the first officer appointed to command the major Union army in the east, which resulted in defeat during the war's first major battle at Manassas. Read more

  • James A. Garfield

    Photo of James Garfield

    James Garfield was a Republican Party politician from Ohio who was rapidly promoted to major general in the Union army in the early months of the Civil War, and later elected President of the United States. He was the second U.S. president to be assassinated. Read more

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