Photo of Confederate civilian Mary Boykin Chesnut

After being mere spectators at the war's early battles, civilians in the war zone later would become unwilling participants and victims of the war's expanding scope and horror.

In response to the hardships imposed upon their fellow citizens by the war, governments and civilians on both sides mobilized to provide comfort, encouragement, and material goods. Unfortunately, due to scarcity of resources and devastation caused by the Union armies, the Confederate government failed almost completely to care for the families of its soldiers

People from Civilians

Showing results 6-10 of 32

  • Cornelia Hancock

    Photo of Cornelia Hancock

    This Union nurse was told that by Dorothea Dix that she was too young and pretty to be a nurse, but her determination soon proved Dix and others wrong. Read more

  • Edmund Ruffin

    Photo of Edmund Ruffin

    One of America's foremost agriculturalists in the early 19th century, Edmund Ruffin was also an ardent secessionist whose whose despair over the defeat of the Confederacy drove him to suicide in 1865. Read more

  • Edward Alfred Pollard

    Photo of Edward Pollard

    Edward Pollard was vocal secessionist who became wartime editor of the Richmond Examiner newspaper. In 1864, he was captured on a blockade runner, and was eventually exchanged for a New York Tribune reporter. Read more

  • Gettysburg National Military Park

    Edward Everett

    Photo of Edward Everett

    Though arguably one of the most accomplished figures of his time, Edward Everett is perhaps best known as the speaker who preceded Abraham Lincoln at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg. Read more

  • Eli Whitney

    Portrait of Eli Whitney by Samuel F. B. Morse

    Little did New England tinkerer and inventor Eli Whitney know what ramifications his invention would have...Before his cotton gin, cotton had to be deseeded and cleaned by hand, so laborious a task that even with slave labor, its production was limited. After his invention in 1794, cotton was on the way to being crowned king of the Deep South. Read more

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