Photo of Confederate civilian Mary Boykin Chesnut

After being mere spectators at the war's early battles, civilians in the war zone later would become unwilling participants and victims of the war's expanding scope and horror.

In response to the hardships imposed upon their fellow citizens by the war, governments and civilians on both sides mobilized to provide comfort, encouragement, and material goods. Unfortunately, due to scarcity of resources and devastation caused by the Union armies, the Confederate government failed almost completely to care for the families of its soldiers

People from Civilians

Showing results 31-28 of 28

  • Richmond National Battlefield Park

    Phoebe Yates Levy Pember

    Photo of Phoebe Pember

    Phoebe Pember was a Jewish-American woman from a prominent Southern family who helped sicke and wounded Confederate soldiers as a matron at Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond, Virginia. Read more

  • Samuel Mudd

    Photo of Samuel Mudd

    Samuel Mudd, a Maryland physician and Southern sympathizer, was tried and convicted of assisting John Wilkes Booth escape following the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Sentenced to imprisonment at Fort Jefferson off the Florida coast, would his name still be "Mudd" after a yellow fever epidemic overtakes the island fortress? Read more

  • Women's Rights National Historical Park

    Wendell Phillips

    Photo of Wendell Phillips

    A tireless social reformer, Wendell Phillips took up a number of 19th century progressive causes, including abolition, equal rights for women, universal suffrage, temperance, unionism and Native American citizenship. Read more