After being mere spectators at the war's early battles, civilians in the war zone later would become unwilling participants and victims of the war's expanding scope and horror.
In response to the hardships imposed upon their fellow citizens by the war, governments and civilians on both sides mobilized to provide comfort, encouragement, and material goods. Unfortunately, due to scarcity of resources and devastation caused by the Union armies, the Confederate government failed almost completely to care for the families of its soldiers
People from Civilians
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Women's Rights National Historical Park
A tireless social reformer, Wendell Phillips took up a number of 19th century progressive causes, including abolition, equal rights for women, universal suffrage, temperance, unionism and Native American citizenship. Read more
William Worrall Mayo was an English-born doctor who helped refugees from the 1862 Dakota War in Minnesota and would achieve renown after the war for opening the Minnesota clinic that today bears his name. Read more