Photo of Confederate civilian Mary Boykin Chesnut

After being mere spectators at the war's early battles, civilians in the war zone later would become unwilling participants and victims of the war's expanding scope and horror.

In response to the hardships imposed upon their fellow citizens by the war, governments and civilians on both sides mobilized to provide comfort, encouragement, and material goods. Unfortunately, due to scarcity of resources and devastation caused by the Union armies, the Confederate government failed almost completely to care for the families of its soldiers

People from Civilians

Showing results 21-25 of 25

  • Kitty Payne

    Kitty Payne was a black woman who struggled to keep herself and her family free after a Virginia slave-holder violently objected to their emancipation. Read more

  • Antietam National Battlefield

    Mathew Brady

    Photo of Mathew Brady

    Mathew Brady was a photographic pioneer who achieved fame photographing famous Americans. When the war began Brady set out to document the war in photographs, famously photographing corpses after the Battle of Antietam and bringing the horror of the war home in a way that had never been done before. Read more

  • Patrick Francis Healy

    Photo of Patrick Healy

    Patrick Healy was the son of a Georgia planter and enslaved mother who rose to become a Jesuit priest and the first African American President of Georgetown University. Read more

  • Richmond National Battlefield Park

    Phoebe Yates Levy Pember

    Photo of Phoebe Pember

    Phoebe Pember was a Jewish-American woman from a prominent Southern family who helped sicke and wounded Confederate soldiers as a matron at Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond, Virginia. Read more

  • William Worrall Mayo

    Photo of William Mayo

    William Worrall Mayo was an English-born doctor who helped refugees from the 1862 Dakota War in Minnesota and would achieve renown after the war for opening the Minnesota clinic that today bears his name. Read more