• Photo of cannon at Antietam National Battlefield

    The Civil War


Photo of Confederate civilian Mary Boykin Chesnut

After being mere spectators at the war's early battles, civilians in the war zone later would become unwilling participants and victims of the war's expanding scope and horror.

In response to the hardships imposed upon their fellow citizens by the war, governments and civilians on both sides mobilized to provide comfort, encouragement, and material goods. Unfortunately, due to scarcity of resources and devastation caused by the Union armies, the Confederate government failed almost completely to care for the families of its soldiers

Showing results 21-25 of 31

  • Kitty Payne

    Kitty Payne was a black woman who struggled to keep herself and her family free after a Virginia slave-holder violently objected to their emancipation. Read more

  • Richmond National Battlefield Park

    Phoebe Yates Levy Pember

    Photo of Phoebe Pember

    Phoebe Pember was a Jewish-American woman from a prominent Southern family who helped sicke and wounded Confederate soldiers as a matron at Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond, Virginia. Read more

  • Women's Rights National Historical Park

    Wendell Phillips

    Photo of Wendell Phillips

    A tireless social reformer, Wendell Phillips took up a number of 19th century progressive causes, including abolition, equal rights for women, universal suffrage, temperance, unionism and Native American citizenship. Read more

  • Francis H. Pierpont

    Photo of Francis Pierpont

    Francis Pierpont was a lawyer and politician who helped lead the fight to separate loyalist northern Virginia from secessionist southern Virginia in the early days of the Civil War. Read more

  • Allan Pinkerton

    Photo of Allan Pinkerton

    Allan Pinkerton was founder of America's first private police agency, which was employed to guard President Lincoln and gather intelligence on Confederate troop strength and movements. Read more