Civilians

Photo of Confederate civilian Mary Boykin Chesnut

After being mere spectators at the war's early battles, civilians in the war zone later would become unwilling participants and victims of the war's expanding scope and horror.

In response to the hardships imposed upon their fellow citizens by the war, governments and civilians on both sides mobilized to provide comfort, encouragement, and material goods. Unfortunately, due to scarcity of resources and devastation caused by the Union armies, the Confederate government failed almost completely to care for the families of its soldiers

People from Civilians

Showing results 16-20 of 28

  • Gettysburg National Military Park

    Jennie Wade

    Photo of Mary Virginia

    While kneading bread in her sister's kitchen on the morning of July 1, 1863, Jennie Wade was struck by an errant bullet and killed instantly, one of more than 150 bullets to strike her sister's house during the three-day Battle of Gettysburg. Read more

  • Fort Monroe National Monument

    John Ericsson

    Photo of John Ericsson

    A highly accomplished inventor and mechanical engineer, John Ericsson's historic design for the U.S.S. Monitor was instrumental in ensuring Northern naval supremacy during the Civil War. Read more

  • John George Nicolay

    Photograph of John G. Nicolay, President Lincoln and John Hay

    John Nicolay was a journalist and private Secretary to Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. After the war, Nicolay served as American Consul in Paris and then Marshall of the U.S. Supreme Court. Read more

  • John George Nicolay

    Photo of John Nicolay

    John Nicolay was a journalist and private Secretary to Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. After the war, Nicolay served as American Consul in Paris and then Marshall of the U.S. Supreme Court. Read more

  • John Hay

    Photo of John Hay

    An accomplished secretary, diplomat, and author, John Hay was one of Lincoln's closest advisors during his years in the White House. Read more

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