• Photo of cannon at Antietam National Battlefield

    The Civil War

Civilians

Photo of Confederate civilian Mary Boykin Chesnut

After being mere spectators at the war's early battles, civilians in the war zone later would become unwilling participants and victims of the war's expanding scope and horror.

In response to the hardships imposed upon their fellow citizens by the war, governments and civilians on both sides mobilized to provide comfort, encouragement, and material goods. Unfortunately, due to scarcity of resources and devastation caused by the Union armies, the Confederate government failed almost completely to care for the families of its soldiers

Showing results 16-20 of 31

  • Patrick Francis Healy

    Photo of Patrick Healy

    Patrick Healy was the son of a Georgia planter and enslaved mother who rose to become a Jesuit priest and the first African American President of Georgetown University. Read more

  • William Worrall Mayo

    William W. Mayo

    William Worrall Mayo was an English-born doctor who helped refugees from the 1862 Dakota War in Minnesota and would achieve renown after the war for opening the Minnesota clinic that today bears his name. Read more

  • Samuel Mudd

    Photo of Samuel Mudd

    Samuel Mudd, a Maryland physician and Southern sympathizer, was tried and convicted of assisting John Wilkes Booth escape following the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Sentenced to imprisonment at Fort Jefferson off the Florida coast, would his name still be "Mudd" after a yellow fever epidemic overtakes the island fortress? Read more

  • John George Nicolay

    Photo of John G. Nicolay

    John Nicolay was a journalist and private Secretary to Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. After the war, Nicolay served as American Consul in Paris and then Marshall of the U.S. Supreme Court. Read more

  • Robert Parrott

    Photo of Robert Parrott

    Robert Parrott was a businessman and inventor of the Parrott Rifled Cannon. Superior to its smooth-bore predecessors and most of its contemporary competition, the Parrott gun was used extensively by both sides in the American Civil War. Read more