• Photo of cannon at Antietam National Battlefield

    The Civil War

Civilians

Photo of Confederate civilian Mary Boykin Chesnut

After being mere spectators at the war's early battles, civilians in the war zone later would become unwilling participants and victims of the war's expanding scope and horror.

In response to the hardships imposed upon their fellow citizens by the war, governments and civilians on both sides mobilized to provide comfort, encouragement, and material goods. Unfortunately, due to scarcity of resources and devastation caused by the Union armies, the Confederate government failed almost completely to care for the families of its soldiers

Showing results 11-15 of 31

  • Fort Monroe National Monument

    John Ericsson

    John Ericsson

    A highly accomplished inventor and mechanical engineer, John Ericsson's historic design for the U.S.S. Monitor was instrumental in ensuring Northern naval supremacy during the Civil War. Read more

  • Annie Etheridge

    Anna Etheridge, one of the Civil War's only two female Kearny Cross recipients, is proof that women of the era could be just as brave as men in places of battle. Read more

  • Gettysburg National Military Park

    Edward Everett

    Photo of Edward Everett

    Though arguably one of the most accomplished figures of his time, Edward Everett is perhaps best known as the speaker who preceded Abraham Lincoln at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg. Read more

  • Cornelia Hancock

    Photo of Cornelia Hancock

    This Union nurse was told that by Dorothea Dix that she was too young and pretty to be a nurse, but her determination soon proved Dix and others wrong. Read more

  • John Hay

    Photo of John Hay

    An accomplished secretary, diplomat, and author, John Hay was one of Lincoln's closest advisors during his years in the White House. Read more