• Photo of cannon at Antietam National Battlefield

    The Civil War

Civilians

Photo of Confederate civilian Mary Boykin Chesnut

After being mere spectators at the war's early battles, civilians in the war zone later would become unwilling participants and victims of the war's expanding scope and horror.

In response to the hardships imposed upon their fellow citizens by the war, governments and civilians on both sides mobilized to provide comfort, encouragement, and material goods. Unfortunately, due to scarcity of resources and devastation caused by the Union armies, the Confederate government failed almost completely to care for the families of its soldiers

Showing results 6-10 of 31

  • Fort Sumter National Monument

    George Cook

    George Cook

    George Cook was a daguerreotypist who left behind a remarkable photographic record of the American South as it existed before, during and after the Civil War. His war-time photographs of Charleston, South Carolina are unsurpassed. Read more

  • Jay Cooke

    Jay Cooke

    Jay Cooke was a Philadelphia banker and financier who assisted other Northern businessmen to finance the Union war effort through the sale of promissory notes to wealthy investors. In 1870, his firm also helped fund construction of the Northern Pacific Railway. Read more

  • Shiloh National Military Park

    Kate Cumming

    Kate Cumming

    Kate Cumming was a resident of Mobile when the war began. Inspired by Florence Nightingale, she volunteered as a nurse, and was later an official Confederate Army nurse in Tennessee and Georgia. She wrote her memoirs, A Journal of Hospital Life in the Confederate Army of Tennessee from the Battle of Shiloh to the End of the War in 1866. Read more

  • Dorothea Dix

    Photo of Dorothea Dix

    Dorothea Dix was a writer and social activist who, in the years before the Civil War, convinced a number of state and local governments to establish and directly support and supervise asylums for the poor and mentally ill. At the outbreak of the Civil War, she was appointed Superintendent of Army Nurses for the Union Army. Read more

  • Frederick Douglass National Historic Site

    Frederick Douglass

    Photo of Frederick Douglass

    Frederick Douglass was an escaped slave who rose to prominence in the abolitionist movement of ante-bellum America through the eloquence of his written and spoken words. As an advisor to Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War, he lobbied relentlessly for equal rights for African Americans and after the war for the racial and civic equality of all Americans. Read more