Civilians

Photo of Confederate civilian Mary Boykin Chesnut

After being mere spectators at the war's early battles, civilians in the war zone later would become unwilling participants and victims of the war's expanding scope and horror.

In response to the hardships imposed upon their fellow citizens by the war, governments and civilians on both sides mobilized to provide comfort, encouragement, and material goods. Unfortunately, due to scarcity of resources and devastation caused by the Union armies, the Confederate government failed almost completely to care for the families of its soldiers

People from Civilians

Showing results 16-20 of 27

  • John George Nicolay

    Photograph of John G. Nicolay, President Lincoln and John Hay

    John Nicolay was a journalist and private Secretary to Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. After the war, Nicolay served as American Consul in Paris and then Marshall of the U.S. Supreme Court. Read more

  • John George Nicolay

    Photo of John Nicolay

    John Nicolay was a journalist and private Secretary to Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. After the war, Nicolay served as American Consul in Paris and then Marshall of the U.S. Supreme Court. Read more

  • John Hay

    Photo of John Hay

    An accomplished secretary, diplomat, and author, John Hay was one of Lincoln's closest advisors during his years in the White House. Read more

  • Ford's Theatre National Historic Site

    John Wilkes Booth

    Photo of John Wilkes Booth

    Hailing from a famous acting family, John Wilkes Booth served as a Confederate secret agent and in 1864, began to plan to kidnap Abraham Lincoln. After the fall of Richmond in 1865, his plan changed from kidnapping to assassination. On April 14th, he shot the president at Ford's Theatre. Read more

  • Shiloh National Military Park

    Kate Cumming

    Photos of Kate Cumming

    Kate Cumming was a resident of Mobile when the war began. Inspired by Florence Nightingale, she volunteered as a nurse, and was later an official Confederate Army nurse in Tennessee and Georgia. She wrote her memoirs, A Journal of Hospital Life in the Confederate Army of Tennessee from the Battle of Shiloh to the End of the War in 1866. Read more

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