Civilians

Photo of Confederate civilian Mary Boykin Chesnut

After being mere spectators at the war's early battles, civilians in the war zone later would become unwilling participants and victims of the war's expanding scope and horror.

In response to the hardships imposed upon their fellow citizens by the war, governments and civilians on both sides mobilized to provide comfort, encouragement, and material goods. Unfortunately, due to scarcity of resources and devastation caused by the Union armies, the Confederate government failed almost completely to care for the families of its soldiers

People from Civilians

Showing results 11-15 of 32

  • Francis H. Pierpont

    Francis Pierpont was a lawyer and politician who helped lead the fight to separate loyalist northern Virginia from secessionist southern Virginia in the early days of the Civil War. Read more

  • Fort Sumter National Monument

    George Cook

    Photo of George Cook

    George Cook was a daguerreotypist who left behind a remarkable photographic record of the American South as it existed before, during and after the Civil War. His war-time photographs of Charleston, South Carolina are unsurpassed. Read more

  • Harriet Tubman

    Photo of Harriet Tubman

    Harriet Tubman has long been associated with her extraordinary work with abolitionist causes and as the Underground Railroad's most famous conductor. Her heroic efforts in personally leading more than 300 persons out of slavery to freedom in the North defined her as the "Moses of her People." Read more

  • Jay Cooke

    Photograph of Jay Cooke

    Jay Cooke was a Philadelphia banker and financier who assisted other Northern businessmen to finance the Union war effort through the sale of promissory notes to wealthy investors. In 1870, his firm also helped fund construction of the Northern Pacific Railway. Read more

  • Jay Cooke

    Photo of Jay Cooke  Jay Cooke

    Jay Cooke was a Philadelphia banker and financier who assisted other Northern businessmen to finance the Union war effort through the sale of promissory notes to wealthy investors. In 1870, his firm also helped fund construction of the Northern Pacific Railway. Read more

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