History & Culture
The early years of the South Carolina Lowcountry represented a microcosm of events occurring in the new Republic. In 1776, the signers of the Declaration of Independence heralded the formation of the United States. By the mid-1780s, the new nation’s government experienced growing pains, and statesmen realized the need to restructure the foundation of the fledgling government. Charles Pinckney, a native and leader of the South Carolina Lowcountry, was one of the men to mold and shape this structure into the Constitution.
Snee Farm, Pinckney’s coastal plantation, offers an opportunity to learn about the cultural environment that influenced Pinckney and his contributions to the framing of the Constitution, and is an important element in the understanding of the first 30 to 40 years of the United States as a young nation.
The wealth of elite South Carolina Lowcountry families was reflected in their numerous plantations. Unlike their counterparts in Virginia, however, these families also owned houses in Charleston and frequently moved from town to plantation and back, depending on the season. Snee Farm, a favorite “country seat,” was among the many properties owned by the Pinckneys. Purchased by his father in 1754, the 715-acre estate was inherited by Pinckney in 1782. President George Washington visited the site in 1791 while touring the southern states.
Often an absentee landlord while serving his country here and abroad, Pinckney was forced to sell Snee Farm in 1817 to satisfy his debts. The property had been greatly mismanaged during his absence and had diminished in value. Today, only 28 of the 715 acres remain essentially undeveloped. The current house, built in the early 19th century, probably replaced the Pinckney home.
For more information, download the park's historic resource study (pdf, 5.3 MB).
There are several site bulletins available on specific topics related to the park. See our brochures page for more information.
Additionally, many other documents on various National Park Service sites and programs are available online at the National Park Service History E-Library.
For information on the Revolutionary War, visit the American Revolution Center.
Did You Know?
At the Constitutional Convention Charles Pinckney presented a complete plan for the new federal government known as the "Pinckney Draft." It was the only such plan that was written by one man. Charles Pinckney National Historic Site, SC