• Natural Bridge Trail

    Chiricahua

    National Monument Arizona

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  • Visitor Center Summer Hours in Effect Beginning May 1, 2014

    Summer hours are in effect for the visitor center from May 1 - October 12, 2014 from 8:30 am - 4:30 pm. The hikers' shuttle will leave the visitor center at 9 am. For more information call 520-824-3560 0. More »

  • Entrance and Camping Fees Waived this Summer

    From June 1 through September 30, all entrance fees will be waived and federal lands passes will not be available for purchase at the park. More »

  • Mushroom Rock Trail Closed to Horses, Hikers Use Caution

    Mushroom Rock Trail is closed to horses due to hazardous conditions caused by recent flooding. Hikers use caution. Trail is washed out in place and may be difficult to follow.

Mosses and Liverworts

 
Most people think of mosses as plants that grow in wet, humid, shady forests, or along streambanks where moisture is constant and plentiful. It would seem that the Chiricahua mountains would be an inhospitable place for such plants, as the streams flow only during precipitation events, and springs are few and far between. However, there are small patches of habitat where some 50 species of mosses and liverworts are able to grow within the Monument. Narrow canyons and shaded understory areas provide enough relief from the drying sun for mosses to grow. Most of the mosses found here tend to grow on the bark at the base of large trees, on fallen logs, or on rocks. There are also mosses that form a crusty layer on soil surfaces.

Although not a prominant or showy type of plant, mosses can be seen near many of the trails if you are a careful observer. These plants are very delicate however, and can easily be destroyed by trampling or touching. Mosses play an important role in controlling erosion in riparian areas, and often do so by forming mats that bind the soil surface together and prevent it from being washed away.

Did You Know?

Geronimo and Naiche

Southeast Arizona was home to the Chiricahua Apache, under the leadership of Cochise. They surrendered for the final time in 1886 and were sent first to Florida and later to Fort Sill, Oklahoma. Many found homes in the hills of today's Chirichaua National Monument.