• Little Niagra

    Chickasaw

    National Recreation Area Oklahoma

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  • Fox Found at Chickasaw National Recreation Area Tested Positive for Rabies

    During the week of June 10, park rangers at Chickasaw National Recreation Area caught and euthanized a sick fox that subsequently tested for disease, and found to be infected with the rabies. More »

Hydrogeology

The Hydrogeologic Setting
The Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer is contained within several rock formations. Rocks of the Arbuckle Group consist of limestones and dolomites that were deposited between 520 and 480 million years ago in Late Cambrian and Early Ordovician time. The carbonate sediments were deposited on a vast, shallow-water platform that extended from northeast New Mexico into northeast Canada. Rocks of the Simpson Group consist of sandstone, shale, and limestone that were deposited 480 to 460 million years ago in Middle Ordovician time.

Rocks of the Arbuckle and Simpson Groups are exposed at the land surface in three prominent uplifts separated from each other by large, high-angle faults. The southwestern outcrop is on the Arbuckle Anticline, a geological structure that was formed 300 million years ago when intensive folding and faulting of a thick sequence of Paleozoic rocks formed the ancestral Arbuckle Mountains. Originally rising several thousand feet above the surrounding plains, the mountains have been eroded to their present-day maximum relief of 600 feet. Topography over the steeply dipping strata is very rugged. Road cuts along Interstate 35 provide unique views of the thick sequence of Paleozoic rocks and complex structure of the Arbuckle Anticline.

The eastern outcrop is on several structural features, of which the Hunton Anticline is the most prominent. The central outcrop is on the Tishomingo Anticline. The Structural deformation on these two anticlines is much less pronounced than on the Arbuckle Anticline, and the topography consists of gently rolling plains.

Source: Oklahoma Water Resources Board, 2003, The Arbuckle-Simpson Hydrology Study Management and Protection of an Oklahoma Water Resource: Oklahoma Water Resources Board Fact Sheet, 4 p.

Did You Know?

Historic photograph of elk in Platt National Park, 1920s

Between 1917 and 1925, Platt National Park [the present-day Platt Historic District of Chickasaw National Recreation Area] maintained a collection of animals—not quite a zoo—which at various times included deer, elk, bison, ostriches and a bald eagle. More...