Significant John Smith Trail Site Now Preserved
Contact: Cindy Chance, 410-260-2492
On Friday, June 21, nearly 300 people gathered to celebrate the protection of the Indian town of Werowocomoco, the principal residence and headquarters of the influential secular and spiritual Indian leader Powhatan when Jamestown was settled in 1607.
The Virginia Department of Historic Resources (VDHR) worked with property owners Lynn and Bob Ripley to protect the archeological core of the site, nearly 58 acres of fields and woodlands on the north bank of the York River, with an easement held by VDHR. The site was identified through archeological investigations in 2002. Archeology continues at Werowocomoco under the leadership of the Werowocomoco Research Group, formed by VDHR as a partnership with the College of William and Mary, other scholars, and with Virginia Indians.
Werowocomoco lies along the Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail which interprets Smith's voyages and American Indian societies then and descendant communities today. The National Park Service is collaborating with VDHR to produce an illustrated book designed for visitors and the general public on the story of Werowocomoco. At Friday's formal dedication celebration, NPS Associate Director for Cultural Resources Stephanie Toothman described this upcoming project as a collaboration of NPS, VDHR, the Virginia Indian Advisory Board, the Werowocomoco Research Group, and the Ripleys.
Captain John Smith visited Werowocomoco twice, and recorded that it was the place where he and Powhatan met, and where he befriended Powhatan's young daughter Pocahontas. The site is identified on Smith's maps of 1608 and 1612, and is about 15 miles from Jamestown. Archeologists have identified unique features at the site including the footprint of a 72-foot longhouse, and have found that the town was settled at least as early as 1200 A.D.
Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell spoke at the ceremony on June 21st as did representatives of seven Virginia Indian tribes, NPS Associate Director Stephanie Toothman, Lynn and Bob Ripley, VDHR Director Kathleen Kilpatrick, Virginia Secretary of Natural Resources Doug Domenech, and other dignitaries.
Did You Know?
The water in the Chesapeake Bay is surprisingly shallow. Although the Bay covers a large surface area, its average depth, including all tidal tributaries, is about 21 feet. In fact, a person who is six feet tall could wade through over 700,000 acres of the Bay and never get his or her hat wet.