• Three kayakers enjoying the river.

    Chattahoochee River

    National Recreation Area Georgia

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  • Rising River Waters Can Kill!

    Watch for rapidly rising river levels on the Chattahoochee River and its tributaries. Water released from dams and heavy rain can turn a day on the river into a tragedy! More »

  • Call for Water Release Schedule

    With colder temperatures you can expect longer and more frequent water releases. For water release schedule info, call 1-855-DAM-FLOW (1-855-326-3569) for Buford Dam and 404-329-1455 for Morgan Falls Dam. Save numbers to your cell! More »

American Toad

Bufo americanus

American Toad

NPS Photo

Family: Bufonidae

Bufo americanus

American Toad

Size: 5.1 to11.1 cm long (2" to 4 ½")

General Description: Generally brown to olive green in color, can also have reddish coloration. Spots and warts are brown to orange red in color with only one or two warts in each spot. Warts vary in color from yellow to orange, red, or dark brown. A light stripe may be present down the middle of the back. Chest and upper abdomen are commonly spotted. Elongate parotoid glands are separate from prominent cranial crests or connect by a spur.Enlarged warts found on tibia.

Similar Species: Potentially hybridizes with B. fowleri, so differentiation between the two species may be difficult at times. Also subspecies B. americanus americanus, Eastern American Toad, with description much the same as B. americanus.

Reproduction: Breeds March to July.

Habitat: Found in a variety of habitats, typically where moisture and insects are more abundant.

Behavior: Primarily nocturnal.

Voice: Calls are long pleasant musical trills that may last from 6 to 30 seconds. Voice trills at a rate of about 30 to 40 per second.

Did You Know?

Pink Lady Slipper - An NPS Photo

Over 50 orchid species are found in Georgia, including several lady slippers. Their flowers are prized for their beauty and unique shape.