• Three kayakers enjoying the river.

    Chattahoochee River

    National Recreation Area Georgia

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The Park After Dark: White-Tailed Deer

January 10, 2012 Posted by: NPS Staff

White_Tailed Deer at night in the park.Visitors to the park know it can be busy during the daytime; just visit Cochran Shoals on the weekend and you'll understand.  People may be the most commonly spotted creature during the daytime, but for our animal inhabitants, the nighttime is the right time! (NOTE: The park closes at dark- please make sure to obey all park rules.) While it's fun to try to stay up and see some of the nocturnal goings-on, here in SRM we use cameras to capture photos of the wildlife when we're not around. These special cameras use infrared, so there's no flash to scare the animals off- and we get to see some pretty cool things.

In each installment of the Park After Dark, we'll get to know a little more about one of the species of animals living in the park. Since this is our first one, we'll start with the largest mammal in the park, and also one that's fairly frequently seen.

Meet Odocoileus virginianus, the White-Tailed Deer.

White-Tailed Dear Doe
  • Height: 1 3/4 - 3 1/2 feet at the shoulder
  • Weight: 50-300 pounds
  • Lifespan: Up to 20 years, but generally about 10 years in the wild.
  • Coat: Grayish in winter, reddish-brown in summer. White belly. Relatively long tail, which is white on the underside. When alarmed, the White-Tailed Deer raises and wags its tail- like a white flag.
  • Mostly nocturnal, the best times to see them are near dusk and dawn.
  • Natural predators include bobcats and coyotes. (Look for future installments of thePark After Dark to learn about these!)

The White-Tailed Deer can be found in most parts of the United States, and is the only cervid (an animal that grows antlers, not horns) found in Georgia. What's the difference between antlers and horns? Antlers are bony growths on male deer (bucks) that begin growing each spring, and are covered by skin and fine hair called velvet. Once the antlers have finished growing, the buck rubs his antlers on trees to scrape the skin and velvet off, leaving just the bones. You may notice trees missing bark- sometimes the bucks rub the bark off with their velvet!  The bucks keep their antlers through mating season- called the rut- and then they drop off one at a time, usually by the end of December.

Antlers aren't just there to look cool; they help bucks fight off competition during mating season. Younger males have antlers with just a single point or tine, while older bucks develop branching antlers with multiple tines- which gives them an advantage when butting heads with other males.

 Two White-Tailed Deer Bucks in rut.

About seven months after the rut, a female deer (called a doe) gives birth to one, two, or three offspring (called fawns). The fawns are reddish-brown with white spots (think Bambi) which fade after three to four months. A doe generally gives birth to a single fawn when she is two years old, and then twins every year after.

The White-Tailed Deer is an opportunistic herbivore, grazing on most available plant foods, including twigs, berries, fruits and nuts, grass, corn, alfalfa, and even lichens and fungi! They thrive in suburban settings and do not discriminate against plants available in yards and landscaping. One way to discourage them from eating  your plants is scattering human hair (from a brush or haircut trimmings) around the plot. Just make sure to replace it after a heavy rain!


1 Comments Comments Icon

  1. paving adelaide
    October 10, 2012 at 08:00

    Originally posted on 02.05.12 What a beautiful creature. Are they endangered or are they over populated and have to be culled to be controlled. We here in Australia have Kangaroo's and Koala's which are truly beautiful native animals to Australia but have to be controlled with culling which is such a shame and not very popular with most Australian's

 

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Did You Know?

A Rainbow Trout before release - Photo by Russell Virgilio

All Trout have a protective membrane or "slime coat" that covers their scales and is their first line of defense against infection and disease. Damage to this coating can severely hurt the fish. Wetting your hands or limiting contact with the fish increases the likelihood that the fish will survive.